Philip II of Spain
Held sovereign rule over the low countries of the Netherlands. BUT was the ruler of each state and province individually, signifying each state and province's independence.
Enforced strict Heresy Laws. Resisted the independent rule of the Grandees in the Netherlands.
Margaret of Parma
Half sister of Philip II.
Regent of the Netherlands from 1559-1567.
Was considered weak by the Grandees of the Netherlands. Pressure applied by the Grandees onto Margaret led to disruption in the Netherlands - and ultimately the outbreak of the revolt.
She was aided by a Spanish 'inner council', which caused great resentment amongst the Grandees.
She resinged in 1567 at the actions of the Duke of Alva, who acted above her as Governor General and disregarded her position.
The Grandees of the Netherlands were made up of the prominent land owners and influencial figures from the provinces in the Netherlands. Often the princes and rulers of states/provinces.
Leading Nobles such as William of Orange, Earl of Egmont, and Earl of Hornes were the more prominent in the Netherlands and held great influence in their states.
The outbreak of revolt can be contributedto the Grandees, as they were primarily concerned for their own local rights and priveleges.
Local rights and priveleges are a commonfeature and motivator in the Grandees actions throughout the revolt in the Netherlands.