Impacts of Coronary Heart Disease

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  • Impacts of Coronary Heart Disease
    • Economic
      • Estimated that CHD results in £3 billion per year of lost earnings to the economy.
      • The direct cost to the NHS is around £1.73 billion per year (with the biggest proportions being inpatient care and prescriptions).
      • It is said that CHD is the most costly disease in the UK.
      • There can be costs to the individual that has CHD but also costs to the family who take time off work, the cost to the government of increased spending and also the cost to the country of decreased productivity.
    • Lifestyle
      • Doesn't necessarily have a huge impact upon lifestyles in MEDC's as the right treatment is available (stent insertion and bypasses) and medication (statins and asprin).
        • However, this has its limitations because it is the low income groups that are particularly affected by CHD as they consume a high calorie diet, and due to the lower incomes may not be able to have the surgery and medication.
      • There can be positive impacts on the person’s lifestyle too; once people recover they are then encouraged to live a more healthy lifestyle which could potentially have positive impacts for them in the future.
      • The disease burden of CHD is estimated to rise from 47 million DAYLs globally in 1990 to 82 million in 2020 – DAYLs are daily adjusted life years and give an indication of the number of healthy years of life lost. 
      • The disease could result in a heart attack possibly meaning surgery needed.
      • Affects peoples ability to work.
      • To reduce your risk of developing CHD or to help to treat your CHD smoking should be cut from your lifestyle- in 2009 14% of deaths from circulatory diseases were linked to smoking.
      • The department of health promotes all types of physical activity for people suffering from CHD- 150 minutes of moderate activity a week.
      • A moderate alcohol intake (red wine-antioxidants) of 1-2 glasses a day is associated with a 30-40% lower risk of CHD.
      • Reduce the amount of cholesterol you have in your diet- blocks arteries and increases the risk of heart attack.
    • Health
      • CHD is the UK's biggest killer, causing around 82,000 deaths each year.
      • In the UK, there are an estimated 2.7m people living with the condition and 2m people affected by angina (the most common symptom of coronary heart disease).
      • About one in five men and one in eight women die from the disease.
      • As well as angina (chest pain), the main symptoms of CHD are heart attacks and heart failure.
        • This can lead to depression as a result of having a near death experience, e.g. a heart attack.
      • It is applicable globally.
  • About one in five men and one in eight women die from the disease.
  • As well as angina (chest pain), the main symptoms of CHD are heart attacks and heart failure.
    • This can lead to depression as a result of having a near death experience, e.g. a heart attack.
  • May potentially become obese with CHD because you may not be able to as much physical exercise as you would normally.
    • Health
      • CHD is the UK's biggest killer, causing around 82,000 deaths each year.
      • In the UK, there are an estimated 2.7m people living with the condition and 2m people affected by angina (the most common symptom of coronary heart disease).
      • It is applicable globally.
  • 82% of the future increase in CHD willl occur in developing countries.
    • CHD costs the UK an estimated £7 billion a year, this figure is more than 7 times greater than previous estimates as it takes into account 'informal' costs, such as the cost of care provided by the family and friends of the person with CHD, which is estimated at almost £2.5 million per year.
      • Economic
        • Estimated that CHD results in £3 billion per year of lost earnings to the economy.
        • The direct cost to the NHS is around £1.73 billion per year (with the biggest proportions being inpatient care and prescriptions).
        • It is said that CHD is the most costly disease in the UK.
        • There can be costs to the individual that has CHD but also costs to the family who take time off work, the cost to the government of increased spending and also the cost to the country of decreased productivity.
    • It includes the implications for the patient, their family and wider social network groups.
      • CHD costs the UK an estimated £7 billion a year, this figure is more than 7 times greater than previous estimates as it takes into account 'informal' costs, such as the cost of care provided by the family and friends of the person with CHD, which is estimated at almost £2.5 million per year.
      • The disease burden of CHD is estimated to rise from 47 million DAYLs globally in 1990 to 82 million in 2020 – DAYLs are daily adjusted life years and give an indication of the number of healthy years of life lost. 

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