Coronary Heart Disease

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Coronary Heart Disease
    • Risk Factors
      • Elevated Blood Cholestrol
      • Elevated Blood Pressure
      • Diabetes
      • Smoking
      • Obesity
      • Inactivity
      • Excessive Alcohol
      • Excessive Stress
    • Impacts on Health
      • Before treatment the patient can experience shortness of breath and fatigue with only light exercise.
      • swelling in their feet, ankles, legs and abdomen.
      • pain in their chest, shoulders, arms or neck (angina).
      • develop a life threatening arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat that can mean the body does not receive enough blood)
      • After treatment there may be side effects from the medication
      • psychological effects of having a heart attack/nearly dying
        • people become depressed or anxious
      • It kills more than 110,000 people in England every year.
      • 74,000 deaths in the UK each year, an average of 200 people each day
      • More than 25,000 people under the age of 75 in the UK die from CHD each year
      • Death rates from coronary heart disease are highest in Scotland and northern England and lowest in southern England
    • Impact on economic development (economic costs)
      • 2009 CVD cost the UK health care system around £9 billion
        • 64% was for hospital care
        • 23% was for medication
      • heart disease results in £3bn of lost earnings to the economy.
      • The UK spends nearly £2 billion each year on the healthcare costs of treating coronary heart disease.
    • Impacts on lifestyle
      • 2.3 million people living with coronary heart disease in the UK
      • 1.4 million men and almost 900,000 women with CHD in the UK
    • Prevention
      • You can usually prevent coronary heart disease by adopting a healthy lifestyle.
        • Quit Smoking
        • Loosing excess weight
        • doing regular physical activity – aim to do 150 minutes of moderate exercise each week
        • Eating a Healthy Balanced Diet
        • not exceeding three to four units of alcohol a day for men or two to three units for women
      • Change4Life scheme
      • Some supermarkets have started to sell healthier foods at discounted prices to attract customers
        • ASDA has backed the scheme well


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Case studies resources »