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Health Issues
Global Patterns
Key Term Definition
Life Expectancy The average number of years that a person may expect to live
Infant Mortality The number of deaths of children under the age of 1 per 1,000 lives per year
Child Mortality The number of deaths of children under the age…

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Health Issues
Ecuador and Peru are at greatest risk. There are
an estimated 200,000 cases (30,000 deaths )
each year.
Health Health is defined as your physical, mental and social wellbeing, and the absence of disease.
Health varies in different parts of the world
Health is difficult to measure ,…

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Health Issues

Infectious Diseases HIV/AIDS
HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus which causes the illness of AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).
It is a slow retrovirus meaning it takes years for symptoms to show . It invades white blood cells by writing the
structure of them backwards and reproducing itself inside…

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Health Issues
o Botswana: Their economy is Children may become orphans
predicted to be 1/3 smaller or may be brought up by
by 2021 and government extended family
expenditure increasing by grandparents looks after them
20% to cope with the

The Management of HIV/AIDS:
Method Description
Trying to find…

Page 5

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Health Issues
Preventing MothertoChild Transmission UNICEF provides treatment , care
and support for women and their families and they are also trying to change
the social attitudes of communities.

Noncommunicable Diseases Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease causes heart attacks which occur when the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle…

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Health Issues

The Management of CHD:
Country Description
United Kingdom Dieticians promote the benefits for heart health of eating oily fish, more fruit and
vegetables and less saturated fat
Finland Communitybased interventions , including health education and nutrition labelling , have
led to populationwide reductions in cholesterol levels closely followed…

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Health Issues

Food and Health
Malnutrition is defined as a condition resulting from some form of dietary deficiency. This may be because the
quantity of food is too low or because certain important nutrients are absent . Malnutrition weakens immunity
and makes people more vulnerable to diseases . It…

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Health Issues

The Management of Famine:
Famine relief is a shortterm aid that takes the form of distributing food . It is usually carried out by
nongovernment organisations (NGOs, e.g. Oxfam, Red Cross and Save the Children) and government. It is usually
given with caution because it could result in…

Page 9

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Health Issues
In 2005, at least 20 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight
More than 60% of adults in the USA are overweight or obese
35% of children in USA are overweight
Overall, females are more obese than males
In males , the countries with less…

Page 10

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Health Issues

Healthcare Approaches
Definition Doctor's Role Professional Facilities Payment
Emergent Healthcare is viewed as Physician operates Professional Private Direct payment S
an item of personal as a solo associations are ownership of to physicians h
consumption entrepreneur powerful facilities m

Pluralistic Healthcare is viewed as Physician operates Professional…


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