Disease of affluence - CHD in developing countries

Disease of affluence:

  • Cause
  • Impacts
  • Solution
  • Distribution
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  • Created by: Harry
  • Created on: 25-03-12 15:34
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DISEASE OF AFFLUENCE
Are thought to be a result of increasing wealth in society. There are numerous factors associated with the increase of these illnesses, things
that people would regard as improvements in their lives.
CAUSES
Increased use of the car, so less walking
A better infrastructure and ways of transport
Less strenuous physical exercise
Easy accessibility to large amounts of food
More high fat and high sugar foods in the diet that are processed
Increased leisure time
Prolonged periods of inactivity
Greater use of alcohol and tobacco, changes blood pressure, drinking can often be related to stress or depression. Depression is more
common in affluent countries for a variety of reasons
Because of peoples modern professional lifestyles they have less time to look after themselves and cook nutritious food. So they have to
eat processed food, which doesn't have vitamins to help blood flow
Smoking is common in affluent countries because people have a disposable income, so can afford to buy cigarettes or drugs
The longer people live because of the health care the, more likely their bodies are susceptible to becoming ill
Coronary Heart Disease
A disease that begins with fatty deposits (including cholesterol) building up in the arteries. The arteries then begin to become narrower
therefore oxygen to the heart is reduced.
An estimated 2.6 million people in the UK are living with the condition:1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women aged 75+ are affected.
Heart disease is preventable as it is a disease of affluence.
Risks; increasing age, smoking, high fat disease, male gender, heredity, high blood pressure, obesity, family history and lack of exercise.
Impact on health; dyspnoea, fatigue, angina etc.
Prevention; no smoking, exercise regularly, eat a balanced diet, maintain a healthy weight and get regular health screenings.
EFFECTS
Insurance and benefit costs on the country and others
Reduces per capita growth
Staff and medication costs in hospitals
Disrupts communities and families
Extended dependence
SOLUTION
A doctors early diagnosis can prevent it
It can be controlled with some treatment
Education and knowledge of the disease can make it easy to over come
DISTRIBUTION
CHD is increasing in Sub-Saharan Africa
No doctors no diagnosis
No treatment means it becomes worse
Education and knowledge of the disease can make it easy to over come
The longer people live because of the health care the, more likely their bodies are susceptible to becoming ill
Unhealthy lifestyle, increase the risk of getting some disease
People are having more western diets, and are smoking
Treatment is hard to come by
People do not have a full education of the disease
Cannot afford a bypass graft

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