Chapter One: Rights and responsibilities

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  • Created on: 06-10-18 15:30
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  • Chapter One: Rights and responsibilities
    • Rights
      • Legal rights: rights that are expected by the law- e.g. education.
      • Human rights: rights that apply to everyone and they are the same for everyone.
        • Human rights can only be taken away legally if someone has done something illegal first but they must have the opportunity to defend themselves first in sourt.
        • They apply to everyone no matter your; sex, nationality, colour, religion or any other status.
      • Constitution of Medina 622CE
        • First ever recorded declaration of human rights.
          • Ideas of; freedom, justice and equality. There were 63 different articles
      • The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights 1948
        • Agreed rights by the United Nations, all governments have to protect and promote.
          • Freedom, the right to life, liberty, security, no slavery, torture or imprisonment.
        • United Nations
          • UN was founded in 1945 and is currently made up of 193 states.
      • Age laws:
        • India=7, Nigeria=7, Indonesia=8, Kenya=8, Philippines=9, UK=10, Ukraine=10, Turkey=11, Morocco=12,
          • Scotland=12, France=13, Poland=13, China=14, Germany=14, Egypt=15, Argentina=16, Brazil=18, Peru=18
      • Magna Carta 1215:
        • Latin for great charter. King John and his English Barons wrote it stating that everyone including the King/Queen should follow the law. Stops royals abusing their power.
          • Rule of law: everyone has to obey the law. This applies to politicians, police and judges as well as ordinary citizens.
            • If anyone breaks the law no matter who they are, they must be accountable for their actions and expect a punishment.
      • European Convention of Human Rights - 1950
      • The Human Rights Act 1998
        • All the rights from the ECHR and the UNHR together to make a UK act of 1998.
    • Responsibility
      • Teachers' responsibility: teach lessons, help students out and mark work regularly to give back feedback.
      • Parents' responsibility: to check their homework and give them any help they need and make sure it is complete on time.
      • Students' responsibility: to listen to the teacher, work hard and complete all homework on time.
    • Reciprocity.
      • When you give something back in return; how others behave - generosity and consideration
    • Protected characteristics
      • Particular groups are protected and covered against discrimination by the Equality Act 2010
        • Characteristics: age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnerships, pregnancy and maternity, race and belief, sex and sexual orientation
    • Refugee
      • Someone who seeks protection in another country because of danger or discrimination at home.
    • Asylum
      • Protection provided by a state for someone that has to leave their own country as a political refugee.
    • Legal representation
      • When experienced people to do with the law help out others in trouble with the law as they don't know what to do or are not confident. They may be worried it could lead to more trouble even if they haven't done anything wrong.
      • In court, you are legally allowed someone with you especially if you are under the age of 16. Vulnerable adults must also have an adult with them for support.
      • Anyone that has been arrested by the police is legally allowed a representative or the right to legal advice.


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