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Chapter 1: a changing& diverse society
Rights and responsibilities for all

Human rights:
Applies to everyone.
In universal declaration of human rights.

Moral rights:
Values or conscience.

Civil or political rights:
Freedom of speech.
Freedom to vote.
Freedom from discrimination

Responsibilities are not always based on laws.
Rights cannot…

Page 2

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Freedoms come from:
Common laws.
International statements.

Once it is agreed that everyone has the rights that should be protected, ideas like
democracy, justice, tolerance & respect can be used to support everyone. That is
what an equal society is all about.

If people do not have freedom from…

Page 3

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Migration to London:
Push factors: negative, makes a person leave their country for reasons such
as fear of persecution.
Pull factors: positive, when someone is attracted to a country.

London is a multicultural city where people from many ethnic groups live
harmoniously, typical off many cities in the…

Page 4

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Chapter 2: consumption and employment
Shopping around

Current laws What they say This means...
Consumer Credit If you use a credit card to buy faulty goods or will get compensation if the holiday or pc you
Acts 1974-2006 a service which provides less than it promises, buy doesn't work…

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Working it out

In the 1940s and 50s, most people expected to have a job for life.
By 1970s 50% of workers belonged to a trade union to improve:
working conditions

And to try to get employment laws maid fairer.
When unemployment rose in the 1980s, trade…

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Trade union membership has fallen sharply.
Employees no longer seem to want a `job for life' and expect to change jobs.
Some individuals make a big difference e.g. Alan Sugar.
Many laws passed in the last 40 years have improved working conditions
for employees.

Chapter 3: where did our…

Page 7

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Child morality and execution of
children for crimes committed
when under 16

Extreme poverty and hunger

Exploitation of migrant workers

The UN conventions were set up in 1990 and the UK joined in 1991.
Some countries were criticized including the UK.
The criticisms were:
Levels of child poverty and inequality…

Page 8

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Both the European court of justice (ECJ) & the European convention of
human rights (ECTHR) decisions overrule national courts.
ECTHR deals with more `individual' cases than ECJ but ECJ decisions do
affect the lives & rights of many people.
Provisions expressed in general terms allow judges to interpret cases to…

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Russia 5
France 6
Ireland 7
Turkey 7.5
Australia 12
Uk 28
Fears that Britain is being turned into a `surveillance society' are said to be
unjustified because such monitoring helps to keep us safe.

Does religion divide or unite society?
Religions do not unite on some…


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