First 495 words of the document:
2. Human Rights
Human Right The things that everyone in the world is entitled to, and
should have in order to live a decent life.
Legal Right A right that is protected by the law, e.g. the right to an
education in the UK, the right to not be discriminated
1948 Universal Declaration of An agreement signed by most countries in the world to
Human Rights prevent human rights abuses like those that happened as
part of the Second World War from happening again.
1981 Convention on the Rights of A Convention that requires all governments around the
the Child world to think about the needs of young people.
1950 European Convention on A Convention that outlines human rights for all citizens in
Human Rights Europe.
1998 UK Human Rights Act A law that protects the rights of UK citizens.
European Court of Human Rights Based in Strasbourg, France, this court allows European
citizens to take their government to court if they feel
their human rights have been broken.
Responsibility Something it is your duty to do or to look after
Refugee A person who is forced to leave their home because of
persecution (discrimination, torture, violence, threats)
and migrate to a safer place
Amnesty International A pressure group and charity that campaigns worldwide
to protect human rights.
The concept of human rights has developed over the last 200 years but it was after
the end of the second world war that most countries came together to agree on a set
of human rights for everyone .
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) is a list of all of basic human
rights including the right to life and liberty, freedom of speech, a fair trial and
education. Since this document was agreed on by the members of the United Nations
in 1948 there have been several more important conventions or agreements on human
The European Convention on Human Rights (1950)
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
The Human Rights Act (1998)
The Human Rights Act is important because it means a wide range of rights such as
freedom of speech and freedom from torture from are enshrined in UK law. This
means that UK citizens can go to the courts if they think these rights have been
Rights come with responsibilities such as loyalty, which means not plotting against
the state, abiding by the law as a responsible citizen, and certain civic duties such
as voting, jury service and giving evidence in court.
There are other types of rights apart from human rights, for example there are
consumer rights and employment rights. These sets of rights are given to people by
the law and are called legal rights.
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There are lots of countries where basic human rights are not upheld for example,
some countries use torture (eg Iran, Egypt, North Korea) and some don't have free
and fair elections (eg Zimbabwe).
Check your understanding learn the key words first
1. List 3 rights that are in the UNDHR and think of a responsibility to go with each
2. Give an example of where peoples' human rights are not being protected, either in
Britain or abroad.