A member of a country.
Citizens are protected by laws and have to obey them.
Aims to make sure citizens are treated fairly.
Citizens have to respect other people's rights.
Are moral, legal and political rights that apply to every human being.
In 1948, the UN published the UNIVERSAL DECLERATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS.
The decleration was signed off by all the 48 member countries of the United Nations.
On the other hand, there are still many countries that don't follow it. The UN aren't powerful enough to force countries to follow all articles in the decleration.
EXAMPLES OF HUMAN RIGHTS:
Article 1 - All human beings are born free & equal.
Article 4 - Everyone has the right to freedom from slavery.
Article 11 - Everyone is innocent until proven guilty.
Article 23 - Everyone has the right to work.
Article 26 - Everyone has the right to a free education.
Human Rights Law
In 1953 the European Convention On Human Rights was passed by the European Union.
It is based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The European Commission of Human Rights makes sure the Convention is followed in all EU countries.
If the Convention is broken then the case can go to the European Courts of Human Rights.
The Human Rights Act became Law in Britain in 2000.
The Human Rights Law can be compromised in Britain.
Eg. Censorship - is allowed in Britain if it protects children from violent and explicit images.
Your Legal Rights at Home & School
THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AT HOME:
Your Parents or Guardians are responsible for bringing you up.
This includes, feeding, clothing and housing you till the age of 18.
No one has the right to hurt you.
RIGHTS AT SCHOOL:
A right to have an education.
A right to not be put in danger.
A right to not be discriminated against because of race, sex or religion.
Your Legal Rights at Work
RIGHTS AT WORK:
Not to be discriminated against
Employers follow the Health & Safety at Work Act
Sick pay & holiday
You are charged a fair price
Advertisers don't lie just to sell their products
Products are tested to make sure its safe
You are allowed a refund if you bought something that is poor quality
ORGANISATIONS THAT ENFORCE CONSUMER RIGHTS:
The Office of Fair Trading
The British Standards Institution