A2 PE Short Term Technical Preparation 1

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  • A2 P.E Short Term Technical Preparation
    • Factors
      • short term
        • several days before - up to hours before competition
        • some athletes have teams for this (formula 1,tour de france etc)
      • Climate
      • Playing Surfaces
      • indoor / Outdoor
      • Protection / injury reduction
    • Climate
      • Constant core temperature
      • above 21 degrees body cannot control heat
        • = reduction in endurance, speed and power
        • direct sunlight also increases heating through convection
      • Humidity
        • high humidity stops sweat evaporating so body core overheats only way to counter is to acclimatise
          • This condition may affect the swing on a cricket ball
      • Wind
        • an increase rate of sweat evaporation athletes cool/ dehydrate more
          • these conditions may affect the flight path of a ball
      • Acclimatisation
        • 5-10 days
        • sweat earlier
        • sweat more
        • take more fluid from diet
        • more blood volume
    • Clothing
      • compression clothing
        • prevents injury
        • performance enhancement
        • speed up recovery
        • improves blood flow to the compressed area
        • increases venous return
        • studies have shown
          • you can resist fatigue longer
          • most improvements are in anaerobic sports
          • helps thermoregulate and hydrate as wicks the moisture from skinning warm in cold and cool in hot
          • speeds up recovery due to increases in venous return and speed of removing waste products and refueling
            • wear for two hours after sport
      • Ion Clothing
        • negative charge
        • increases blood flow and O2 supply by 2.9%
          • power improvemts
      • Ice Vests
        • worm to pre cool or cool at half time
          • improves performance as it would take 19% longer for heat to have a negative effect
    • Ergogenic Aids
      • Ergo = increase work GREEK
      • give athletes an advantage- enhances energy and performance
      • Physically
        • increase muscles
        • increase metabolic rate
        • increase energy supplied
        • counteract negative metabolites
        • examples
          • massage
          • acupuncture
      • Mentally
        • maximise psycho energy production
        • decrease interfering factors to stop optimal functioning
        • examples
          • imagery
          • music
          • hypnosis
      • Mechanically
        • improve efficiency in biomechanics
        • examples
          • Heart rate Monitor
          • hypoxic chambers
          • cycle ergometers
      • Chemical
        • supplements such as creatine monohydrate
        • Ginseng
          • glycohgen synthesis is allowing longer training at higher intensity

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