A Leve PE - Types of Practice

  • Created by: hotzmc
  • Created on: 26-12-17 23:05

A Level PE - Types of Practice:

Presentation of Skills:

The following factors should be taken into consideration when finding the best practise conditions:

  • The amount of info a learner has to process
  • The previous experience of the performer (including level of ability)
  • The performers personality and motivation levels
  • The nature of the skills being learnt
  • The amount of technical knowledge required
  • The facilities and time available 
  • The size of the group

Types of Practice:

Coached must decide whether to teach the entire skill or to break it down into parts and learn each part separately, in some cases there is little/no choice

There are 9 types of practice:

  • Whole Practice
  • Part Practice
  • Whole-Part-Whole Practice
  • Progressive Part Practice
  • Fixed Practice
  • Varied Practice
  • Massed Practice
  • Distributed Practice
  • Mental Rehearsal

Whole Practise:

  • Skills are not broken down into sub-routines
  • Generally this is best to get a ‘feel’ of the whole skill
  • Skills is practiced in its entirety, from start to finish
  • This pre motes fluency and understanding

Advantages:

  • Performer gets to know the ‘feel’ and timing of the movement as a whole - Kinaethesis
  • Learning can be quicker because learner doesn't have to learn *** to put subroutines together
  • Understands the relationship between subroutines

Disadvantages:

  • Unsuitable for complex skills
  • When learner is in the cognitive phase they may not be able to cope with skills having high attentional demands
  • Skill may need to be broken down for safety reasons

When Should Whole Practice be used?

  • When the skill is continuous and can’ t be broken down into sub-routines
  • High organisational and simple skills
  • When a skill has a short duration and is predictable it means you can practise it as a whole skill and repeat it
  • Any skill that involves little decision making

Part Practice:

  • Often used when a skill is low in organisation and can be split up into sub routines
  • Each part is practiced separately and then they're all joined together
  • Useful when learning a complex skill as it allows for initial success  before moving onto complex movements

Advantages:

  • Useful if the skill is complex, due to small parts being learnt instead of a whole new skill
  • Good for skills that are easily broken down
  • Good for learning serial skills, due to reduced info
  • Provides early success (keeps motivation high)
  • Can reduce danger
  • Allows coach to focus on elements of the skill
  • Can help to build confidence 
  • Avoids info overload

Disadvantages:

  • Some performers find it difficult to put the subroutines back together
  • The continuity and flow of the skill is lost
  • Reduces kinaesthetic awareness
  • Learner looses awareness of the end product, the skill as a whole
  • This can take much much longer than simply learning the whole skill in one go 

When Should Part Practice be Used?

  • Low organisation, serial skills or complex skills
  • When a skill can  be easily broken down or there is an element of danger
  • When skills need to gradually be developed and adapted to different situations

Whole-Part-Whole:

  • The whole skill is taught and then a

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