A2 PE Psychology Long Term 1

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  • A2 PE Long Term Psychological
    • Goal Setting
      • Long term Goals
        • broken down into smaller more manageableones
          • important as;
            • motivates
            • makes people more organised and efficient
            • allows better planning
            • focuses attention on a structured pathway
            • reduces anxiety and control arousal
            • builds self confidence and increases effectiveness
      • Subjective goals
        • statements of intent that can be measured
      • Objective Goals
        • attaining a standard in a time
      • Types of goals
        • Outcome- end product
        • Performance- performance outcome (measured /objective)
        • Process- technical stuff- internally controlled by performers
        • Short Term
        • Long Term
      • SMARTER
        • Specific
        • Measurable
        • Achievable
        • Realistic
        • Time bound
        • Exciting
        • Recorded
        • When setting goals you need to plan (research) and follow up (record and review)
          • Not all goals will be successful when reviewed as all SMARTER target may have not been met
    • Performance Profiling
      • aim is to identify areas of need of psychological intervention
        • identifies how to train them and helping you motivate and stick to program
      • 4 stages
        • 1. introduction
        • 2. construction
        • 3. implenmentation
        • 4. assessment of the whole programme
      • Successful performers have
        • better concentration
        • higher self confidence
        • more task orientated thoughts
        • more posistve thoughts
        • more dtermination
        • lower anxiety
      • Methods that can be used
        • imagery techniques
        • mental rehearsal
        • self talk
        • goal setting
        • progressive muscle relaxation techniques
        • arousal regulation
        • concentration techniques
      • Webs/ Wagons wheels can be used to look at strengths and weaknesses based on lots of areas e.g. courage, concentration
      • These profiles can fail when there is - lack of time, lack of knowledge, failure to reassess the programme, lack of conviction
    • Motivation
      • The internal mechanism and external stimuli that arouses and directs our behavour
        • can be both positive and negative (demotivation)
      • Intrinsic motivation
        • drives from ourself E.G. pleasure, pride
      • Extrinsic motivation
        • external rewards e.g. trophies and money
      • Achievement Motivation
        • desire to achieve (to master a task) or persist at a task
    • Personality Factors
      • Nach
        • Need to achieve
        • Take risks
        • perform better under pressure
        • dont worry about failure
        • seek vistry
      • Naf
        • need to avoid failure
        • low risk challenges
        • perform worse when under pressure
        • take easy options
        • concede defeat early
        • avid shame and humiliation
      • often people are a bit of both depending on situation
    • Situatinal factors
      • probability of success verses the probability of failure
      • incentive of success verses incentive of failure
      • People accept challenges because
        • Succeed
        • exert ower
        • seek out stress
        • be independent
        • exert aggression
        • have an affiliation

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