Opposition control and consent

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BFV
1950 reported to the minister of interior for home investigations against the basic law
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BND
1956 - reported to the chancellor for foreign investigations against the basic law
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Emergency law
tried to pass in 60,62 and 65 but passed in 68 - allowed the BND and BFV to open mail,search homes
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The BEFA
centralized the BND
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GSG-9
formed after the shooting at the Munich Olympics
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17th Oct 1977
GSG-9 rescuded hostages on a plane that was hijacked on its way to Frankfurt
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Employment ban from 1949
stopped ex-Nazis and communists from getting jobs - only used about 100 times (1950-72)
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Article 131
let ex-Nazis into the civil service - may 1951
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anti-radical degree allows for political vetting in the state sector
January 1972
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Bennon Ohnesorg
Was shot in a 1967 SDS demonstration
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Rudi Dutschke
from 1965 he was the leader of the SDS - shot April 1968 by right-wing fanatic
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Communist protest 6,000 people
dispersed by water cannon by police
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APO
extra-parliamentary Opposition due to lack of left wing parties
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viva maria!
A film released by APO in dec 1965 which encouraged protest against US imperialism
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SDS
Socialist student union - protest Auschwitz gen,nuclear weapons
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protest against the Emergency law
80,000 protest may 11th 1968
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Baadar Meinnhof Gang
terrorist group founded in 1970
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Hunger stikes of Baadar memebrs
Nov 1974 lead to bombing of lawyers and judges
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German Autumn (1977)
when a plane was hijacked with demands for $15 million and 10 realses
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voting turnout in 1949
78.5%
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voting turnout in 1957
87.8%
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voting turnout in 1972
91.1%
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Allensbach Institute
holders of public opinion polls
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60s result of public opinion poll
showed that the majority of Germans felt that FRG reflected them the best
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The Kapp Putsch
12th of March 1920 - collapsed 4 days after by general strike
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The Munich Putsch
8th November 1933
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Ebert-Groener act
10th November 1918
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Stinnes-Legian Agreement
15th November 1918 signed by Carl Legin and Hugo Stinnes
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referendum on 'law against the enslavement of the German People'
called by DNVP against the young plan in Dec 1929 - 5.8 million votes/ 21 needed
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Who wrote the constitution
Hugo Press
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Votes for the constitution
31st of July 1919 : 262 to 71 votes passed
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First elections in thuringia
1920
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Turnout in 1919
83%
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Turnout in December 1924
79%
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Turnout in 1928
75.6%
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Turnout in Nov 1932
80.6%
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Pro : anti constitutional parties votes in 1919
80.5% : 17.9%
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Pro : anti constitutional parties votes in December 1924
56.0% : 29.8%
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Pro : anti constitutional parties votes in 1928
57.7% : 27.4%
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Pro : anti constitutional parties votes in Nov 1932
35.2% : 58.3%
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Emil Eichron is dismissed from police
4th of Jan 1919
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Sparticist uprising
6th of Jan 1919 - crushed by freikorps
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Kurt Eisner assassinated
21st of Feb 1919
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Bavarian soviet Republic
Eugen Levine March 1919 with 'Red army'
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'White terror'
Bavarian soviet Republic crushed by freikorps with 1000 deaths in may
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German October (1921)
Saxony and thuringia communist takeover
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Informers in the Gestpo
50 to 80 % so mostly gossip
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Gestpo
Secret police founded in April 1933 by Goering
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Agents of the Gestapo
40,000 agents for Germany - 40-50 per 1 million in cites
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Waffen **
went from 3 divisions in 1939 to 35 in 1945
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'State within a state'
** - controlled security, ideology, military and economy
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Goebbels took control of Radio
25th of March 1933
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state press agency all news came from them
Dec 1933
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Editors Law meant editors were responsible for all that was published
4th October 1933
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nazi newspapers
1932 - 59 newspapers with 780,000 readers by 1933 there were 86 with over 30 million readers
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Volkisler Beobacher
nazi newspaper with 7 million readers by 1944
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Amount of press control in 1939
2/3 of alll press was controled
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Political prisoners sent to con. camps
1933-45 - 500,000 people sent
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Oranienburg
First con. camp opened in 1933
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The peoples courts
Berlin 1934 - 2 judges and 5 other membership
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** membership in 1936
240,000
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** membership pre-1933
240 as bodyguard
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'One people, One Reich , one Fuhrer'
simple and clear slogan
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The peoples receivers
short range 1943 a 1/3 of all radios
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How many people owned a radio in 1939
70%
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Mothers got rewarded for doing what they wanted
said by Anna Klein
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'Germinised benefits'
Land was given to Germans as it was taken
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Swing Clubs
made illegal in 1940 so went underground
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Edelweiss Pirates
working class - anti-Nazi slogans & leaflets though letterboxes
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Escape Lines
1000 got out - one was ran by Bonhoeffer and Dohrngi
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'peoples church'
removed old testiment
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PCL
may 1934 said the 'peoples church' was promoting atheism
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Religion in Germany
1/3 catholic, 2/3 protestant , 0.5% Jewish
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How many attempts to kill Hitler between July 1921 - 1944
15 - 7 after 1939 made by the army
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July plot 1944
20th July Stauffenbug bomb under a table - Frumme blabbed and got 200 killed
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Red Shock Troop
1933 published a newspaper every 10 days with 3000 members
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SOPADE
Sent info to allies
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The Red orchestra
sent info to USSR
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Uhrig Group
promoted sabotage with leaflets and posters
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Bishops which caused protest when arrested
in October 1934 Meiser and Wuim
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1956 - reported to the chancellor for foreign investigations against the basic law

Back

BND

Card 3

Front

tried to pass in 60,62 and 65 but passed in 68 - allowed the BND and BFV to open mail,search homes

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

centralized the BND

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

formed after the shooting at the Munich Olympics

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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