From Kaiser to Fuhrer: Popularity and Efficiency of Nazi Germany (5)

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Noid
  • Created on: 06-06-14 14:34
Preview of From Kaiser to Fuhrer: Popularity and Efficiency of Nazi Germany (5)

First 152 words of the document:

5.1: A consensus dictatorship? Pt.1
Evidence the regime was popular
1. The Plebiscites
a. `plebiscitary acclamation'
b. Between 90-99% in favour of Nazi policies
c. Even in Saarland when under the League of Nations' control, the results were similar to
rest of Germany
Lack of opposition
1. During 1930s hardly any opposition
2. The only plots to overthrow Hitler did not indicate unpopularity, as they were done by
individuals or organisations, such as George Elser or General Beck in 1938
1. Gellately in `The Gestapo and German Society' (1990) he said the regime was a `consensus
2. In Wurzburg:
a. Only 21 gestapo in whole of area, overstretched
b. 80% of the information the Gestapo collected was done through public denunciations
3. Only 4,000 people (mostly a-socials) in concentration camps in 1935
4. Concentration camps were widely known about and supported by most Germans

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

A consensus dictatorship? Pt.2
The legacy of the Weimar Republic
1. Weimar democracy perceived as a failure
Popular policies?
1. Unemployment reduced, falling to 1m in January 1935
2. Strength Through Joy allowed more leisure activities for the working-class. 28.5k workers for
Siemens went on holiday
3. Army peacefully and successfully militarised Rhineland in 1936 and unified Germany with
Austria in 1938
4. Reports done by SOPADE indicates people were positive about Nazi policies
5. Pregnant Aryans given free health care
6. 1938, 2.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

A consensus dictatorship? Pt.3
Was the regime really popular?
1. Evidence from SOPADE, Gestapo and SD reports indicate dissatisfaction with living
standards, propaganda and the Nazi Party
2. Martin Broszat says some civil servants resisted Nazi initiative and generals tried to prevent
complete Nazi control of military
3. Tim Mason argued that working-class discontent about living standards pushed Hitler for war
sooner than he had planned
4.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

The role of terror and repression
The terror against the left
1. 1933:
a. SA broke up SPD meetings, arrested and murdered KPD and SPD members, took over
trade union offices in May
b. Concentration camps established to detain opposition. 150-200k people in 1933. Most
released over next two years
The terror state
1. No freedom of speech
2. Nod freedom of assembly
3. Gestapo arrest without trial
4. April 1933, law making anyone who wanted constitutional change an act of treason
5.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

An efficient state? Pt.1
Strong dictator?
1. Fuhrerprinzip meant that all power concentrated in Hitler's hands
2. Internationalist historians have argued that the Nazi state was totalitarian
Weak dictator?
1. Since 1960s, this was suggested as organisation and decision-making was chaotic and
2. Hitler was frequently lazy, often away in his holiday home in Obersalzberg
A chaotic and polycratic state
1. No clear lines of accountability or decision making
2. Structures duplicated and overlapping.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

An efficient state? Pt.2
The role of Hitler
1. Steered foreign policy by rejecting the Treaty of Versailles and then developing expansionist
2. 1936, Hitler remilitarised Rhineland against advice from his generals
3. Instrumental in Anschluss in 1938
4. Pushed to expand in Eastern Europe, seen in his 1936 Four Year Plan memorandum, urging
creation of Wehrwirtschaft and his war plan, known as Operation Green
5.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

An efficient state? Pt. 3
Reasons for `working towards the Fuhrer'
1. Ideological: Fuhrerprinzip
2. Advance their careers
3. Potency of Hitler Myth, people actually believed Hitler was the saviour
The Third Reich: a Darwinian Jungle?
1. Because of `working towards the Fuhrer', Hitler was a dictator who didn't need to dictate
2. It is suggested that the chaotic and competitive system was in the ideal of Social Darwinism
Cumulative radicalisation
1. Nazis became more extreme after mid-1930s
2.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »