1.2 Factors affecting growth and development key terms

HideShow resource information
Our biology which is what we inherit from our biological parents i.e. our genetics
1 of 35
Our environment or surroundings which is our upbringing and how we are raised
2 of 35
Contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, 46 in total and is found within each cell
3 of 35
A chromosome is a long strand or packet of DNA which carries the units of inheritance
4 of 35
Sex cell: Male - spermatozoon, Female - ovum
5 of 35
The chemical ribbon that tells cells how they should function
6 of 35
The full complement of chromosomes in a human cell containing genetic characteristics
7 of 35
Chromosome abnormality
Directly passed on via our biological parents however it is something that goes wrong at the point of fertilisation, a missing, extra or irregular section of a chromosome
8 of 35
Trisomy 21
Also known as Downs Syndrome, caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21
9 of 35
Unifactorial disorder
Disorder casued by one factor, the factor is a faulty gene, passed on via one or both of our biological parents, the faulty gene could be located on any of the 23 pairs of chromosomes, it can cause problems with growth and development
10 of 35
What are the two types of unifactorial disorders?
Autosomal Disorders (pairs 1-22), Sex linked Disorders (pair 23)
11 of 35
The gene is more powerful and aggressive
12 of 35
The gene is more passive or submissive
13 of 35
Examples of autosomal disorders?
Dwarfism, polycystic kidneys, albinism, cystic fibrosis
14 of 35
Examples of sex linked disorders?
Haemophilia, Colour blindness, Duchennes muscular dystrophy
15 of 35
An individual that carries genes for a disorder but does not display or experience the effects
16 of 35
Multifactorial disorders
Caused by many factors, a biological predisposition that is triggered in the environment
17 of 35
Examples of multifactorial disorder?
Asthma, schizophrenia, breast cancer, coronary heart disease, some cancers etc.
18 of 35
Lifestyle factors
The choices an individual makes and the methods we live by
19 of 35
The food and drink that we consume
20 of 35
Activity requiring physical effort to sustain or improve health and fitness
21 of 35
Use of drugs
The consumption or use of illegal drugs
22 of 35
Type of drugs?
Illegal drugs, prescribed drugs or over the counter drugs
23 of 35
Intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits and other drinks
24 of 35
The action, habit or addiction of inhaling and exhaling the smoke of tobacco
25 of 35
Social and community Groups
A group of people who have a sense of unity, often sharing a belief, interest or characteristic
26 of 35
Descendants of a common ancestor
27 of 35
People who have bonds of mutual affection, usually excluding sexual or family relationships
28 of 35
Peer pressure
Influence of peer group members (positive - make you join clubs, help you to gain independence from parents) (negative - encourage you to take part in crime, behave negatively)
29 of 35
The process by which we learn our norms, values amd behaviour that makes us part of a group
30 of 35
Community groups
Local members of a community who come together in an organisation that acts in their shared self-interest
31 of 35
Social class
A status hierarchy whereby the wealthiest are at the top and poorest at the bottom normally based on social, economic or educational factors
32 of 35
Health services
A public service that provides medical care or advice around many topics
33 of 35
Cultural beliefs
Behaviour patterns involving experience, values, attitudes, ideas and religion
34 of 35
Acheson report
A report published in 1998 regarding inequality in health services in the UK, report headed by Donald Acheson
35 of 35

Other cards in this set

Card 2




Our environment or surroundings which is our upbringing and how we are raised

Card 3




Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4




Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5




Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Health & Social Care resources:

See all Health & Social Care resources »See all Growth and Development resources »