Nazi Germany Timeline
What effect did WW1 have on Germany?
Winter of 1916-17
Potatoes ran out leaving only Parsnips, ¾ million Germans died of sickness and starvation
Germany produced 50% of the milk and 60% of the meat and butter it had
Why was the Weimar Republic so unpopular 1919-23?
The signing of the Treaty of Versailles
French and Belgium troops occupied the Rhineland to seize raw goods
The Government tried to disband the Freikorps because of ally orders, Wolfgang Kapp lead the Kapp Putsch
8 - 9th September 1923
The Nazi Party carried out the Munich Putsch
How was the Weimar Republic able to survive 1924-29?
Stresemann becomes Chancellor
Stresemann ends Passive Resistance
The Government replaced the worthless old money with the Rentenmark. It was valued on the amount of gold and silver owned by the country
New currency is bought in on the strength of the Dollar helping pull Germany from hyper inflation
The Dawes plan gave Germany a huge loan
Germany restarted paying reparations
Germany signed the Locarno Treaties with Britain France and Belgium securing the frontiers with France and Belgium
Germany joined the League of Nations and was given a permanent seat on the council
Ally troops leave the Ruhr
Owen Young created the Young Plan. Reparations were cut to 112 billion gold marks to be paid over 59 years
How did the Nazi’s gain support 1924-29 and why were they unsuccessful?
Hitler released from prison
The ban on the Nazi party lifted
27th February 1925
Focus on working classes
July 18th 1925
Mein Kampf was published
The party received only 20,000 votes
The party began to focus on the middle classes where most new members were coming from, calling for an end to Marxist-capitalist extortion
Number of votes had risen to just 140,000
How did the Nazi’s achieve increased electoral success 1929-32?
the wall street crash placed Germany in depression with high unemployment and homelessness rates
1-20th July 1930
In Prussia the SA were involved in 322 battles and 72 deaths
farmers fell further into debt
Almost ½ of 16-30s were unemployed and 60% of new graduates could not get a job
In the election Hindenburg gave one speech while Hitler flew all over the country
40% of factory workers were unemployed and unemployment benefits were slashed leading to extreme poverty
Nazi Party won 37.3% of the vote making them the largest party
The party received only 33.1%
January 30th 1933
Hitler appointed Chancellor
How was Hitler able to gain complete control of Germany from 1933-4?
Nazi Party gained 33.1% of votes making them the largest single party
January 30th 1933
Hitler was appointed Chancellor