Germany 1918-45

Germany 1918-45

1918, 1920s, 1930s, 1933, Adolf Hitler, Appeasement, Edexcel, GCSE, GCSE History, Great Depression, germany, Hitler, history, hyperinflation, munich putsch, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Nazis, OCR, rhineland, treaty of versailles, Weimar Germany, Weimar, weimar republic

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GERMANY 1918-45
The Rise and Fall of Hitler

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CONTENTS
1. From the Second Reich 5. The Stresemann Years The working class
outside the big cities
to the Weimar Republic and the Collapse of the
Weimar Republic Victory
The Second Reich Propaganda
Kaiser Wilhelm Gustav Stresemann Wealthy backers
World War 1 A Golden Age? The Weimar
German Defeat…

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CONTENTS CONTINUED...
12. Foreign Policy 16. The Economy Under the The Treatment of the
Re-armament Nazis Jews
The Rhineland Unemployment Kristallnacht
Austria Autarky The Final Solution
Czechoslovakia The Economy under Why the Nazis Carried
Schacht Out the Final Solution
13. The Police State The Economy under The End of…

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FROM THE SECOND REICH TO
THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
Key Issues:
Why did the Second Reich come to an end in
1918?
What sort of a republic was set up in 1919?

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WHAT WAS THE SECOND REICH?
Germany had only come into existence in 1871
Before this the German-speaking people lived in a number of
states
The largest state, Prussia, defeated France in a war
(1870-1)
It organised the other states into an Empire: the Second Reich
Before this the German-dominated…

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KAISER WILHELM
The Second Reich was ruled by the Kaiser who was an
hereditary ruler
He had enormous power
He could choose and sack ministers
Controlled the foreign policy and could declare war
In 1888, Wilhelm II, 29years of age, became Kaiser
He was the great nephew of Queen…

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THE FIRST WORLD WAR
War broke out in 1914
Germany thought that it would be a quick victory

Unlike in 1871, Paris didnt fall to the invading
German army like planned
Both sides dug trenches which stretched from the
English Channel to the mountains of Switzerland
Neither side was…

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GERMAN DEFEAT
Stalemate ended in November meant that there was no defence
1918 when the Allies counter-attacked
in August
Germany was running out of He then told the Kaiser that the
supplies as the British Navy war was over ­ Germany was
blockaded supplies defeated
America also joined the…

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THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
The Constitution of the
A Democratic Republic Second Reich

Germany was becoming a
Democracy because, for one, Kaiser

President Wilson refused to offer
(hereditary for life)


peace until it was democratic ­ but
this meant that democracy was
seen as being forced upon Germany
Chancellor (usually…

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THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC CONTINUED
The Constitution of the
The New Constitution Weimar Republic
1. Proportional Representation
The voting system for the Reichstag meaning at 5% of votes = Army
5 seats President The President
A party had to have 51% to form its own government (for 7years) was Supreme…

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