Germany 1918-45

Germany 1918-45

1918, 1920s, 1930s, 1933, Adolf Hitler, Appeasement, Edexcel, GCSE, GCSE History, Great Depression, germany, Hitler, history, hyperinflation, munich putsch, Nazi Germany, Nazi Party, Nazis, OCR, rhineland, treaty of versailles, Weimar Germany, Weimar, weimar republic

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GERMANY 1918-45
The Rise and Fall of Hitler

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Contents
CONTENTS
1. From the Second Reich 5. The Stresemann Years The working class
outside the big cities
to the Weimar Republic and the Collapse of the
Weimar Republic Victory
The Second Reich Propaganda
Kaiser Wilhelm Gustav Stresemann Wealthy backers
World War 1 A Golden Age? The Weimar
German Defeat Foreign Policy constitution
The Depression
The Weimar Republic 6. Collapse of the Weimar
A democratic republic Republic 10. Setting Up a
The new constitution
The Depression Dictatorship
2.…read more

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Contents
CONTENTS CONTINUED...
12. Foreign Policy 16. The Economy Under the The Treatment of the
Re-armament Nazis Jews
The Rhineland Unemployment Kristallnacht
Austria Autarky The Final Solution
Czechoslovakia The Economy under Why the Nazis Carried
Schacht Out the Final Solution
13. The Police State The Economy under The End of Anti-
The Police State Göring Semitism?
The SS Agriculture 21. Treatment of the
The Gestapo Minorities
17.…read more

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Contents
FROM THE SECOND REICH TO
THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
Key Issues:
Why did the Second Reich come to an end in
1918?
What sort of a republic was set up in 1919?…read more

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WHAT WAS THE SECOND REICH?
Germany had only come into existence in 1871
Before this the German-speaking people lived in a number of
states
The largest state, Prussia, defeated France in a war
(1870-1)
It organised the other states into an Empire: the Second Reich
Before this the German-dominated empire in Central Europe
had been known as the ,,Holy Roman Empire or the First Reich
The Second Reich didnt contain every German in Europe
Prussia wanted to control the new Germany so Austria was…read more

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KAISER WILHELM
The Second Reich was ruled by the Kaiser who was an
hereditary ruler
He had enormous power
He could choose and sack ministers
Controlled the foreign policy and could declare war
In 1888, Wilhelm II, 29years of age, became Kaiser
He was the great nephew of Queen Victoria
For a birthday present, Queen Victoria gave him Mount
Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa
He wanted to make Germany as great as Britain who was
the worlds most powerful country, and dominated world…read more

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Contents
THE FIRST WORLD WAR
War broke out in 1914
Germany thought that it would be a quick victory
Unlike in 1871, Paris didnt fall to the invading
German army like planned
Both sides dug trenches which stretched from the
English Channel to the mountains of Switzerland
Neither side was strong enough to defeat the
other
For soldiers, it was the start of four years of hell
where millions of men died and just as many
were injured
The war settled into a stalemate…read more

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GERMAN DEFEAT
Stalemate ended in November meant that there was no defence
1918 when the Allies counter-attacked
in August
Germany was running out of He then told the Kaiser that the
supplies as the British Navy war was over ­ Germany was
blockaded supplies defeated
America also joined the war In October, the Germans and
which meant that while the Americans were organising the
Germans were running out of end of the war ­ this would only
supplies, the Allies were getting happen if…read more

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Contents
THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC
The Constitution of the
A Democratic Republic Second Reich
Germany was becoming a
Democracy because, for one, Kaiser
President Wilson refused to offer
(hereditary for life)
peace until it was democratic ­ but
this meant that democracy was
seen as being forced upon Germany
Chancellor (usually also the (Kaiser was Supreme
The new government wasnt chairman of the Bundesrat)
Chosen by the Kaiser
Commander of the Army)
Army
allowed to rule in Berlin at first
because there was a communist
revolt…read more

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Contents
THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC CONTINUED
The Constitution of the
The New Constitution Weimar Republic
1.…read more

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