History revision key words - Germany 1918-45

Key words and three topics you need to know. I'll be putting up more in-depth notes, and then I'll put everything into one giant, beastly folder, to help you to get an A*!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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  • Created on: 06-06-12 14:39
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History Revision Key words and outline ­ Germany 1918-45:
Different topics you need to know about:
1. Weimar Germany and the rise of the NSDAP
2. What methods the NSDAP used to consolidate power
3. To what extent German society changed under the NSDAP and Hitler
Key words and figures:
Adolf Hitler ­ The Austrian country-lad-turned-German-despot
Allies ­ The alliance of forces that fought against the Axis. They were made up of
mainly democracies, but also some dictatorships. The main 3 sides in the Allies
were USA, Great Britain, and the USSR
Axis ­ The alliance of the Fascist states in the world during the Second World War.
The two main sides were Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan
Benito Mussolini ­ The fascist dictator of Italy from 1925-43
Communism ­ The political ideology/stage that there are no social classes
Cosmopolitanism ­ The idea that all people are equal
Dawes Plan ­ The interim economic plan that was set up to help Germany pay its
reparations shortly after the occupation of the Ruhr. It made sure that Germany
didn't just pay off debts sporadically, but actually ordered the whole reparations
payments, thus avoiding another economic crisis
Democracy ­ A political model where everybody has the right to vote for who
they want to be in government
Despot ­ A dictator with absolute and total control

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Dictatorship ­ A one-party political system where one leader makes all the
decision and has ultimate power
Ernst Röhm ­ The leader of the SA (Sturmabteilung) throughout its existence. He
was killed in prison by SS (Schutzstaffel) officers during Night of the Long Knives.
Röhm was a raging homosexual and was allegedly caught with another SA
member in bed on the Night of the Long Knives. This was used as an insult by SS
members towards the SA.…read more

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Karl Liebknecht ­ The joint-leader of the Spartacists with his wife, Rosa
Luxemburg
Kapp Putsch ­ An uprising that took place in 1921 where ex-military generals
marched on Berlin. It failed because of a strike called by Ebert, the President, but
was the closest to collapsing the Weimar Republic because the Wehrmacht did
not intervene
Munich Beerhall Putsch ­ Hitler's attempt to crush the Weimar Republic. It failed
because the police were mobilized, and began killing Nazis as well as Freikorps
members.…read more

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Germany responded with passive
resistance, and was the first time Germany was really politically united
Passive Resistance ­ The resistance to the occupation of the Ruhr that involved
refusing to work. It caused unity in Germany, but also almost led to another
economic collapse due to a lack of production
Paul von Hindenburg ­ The final Reichspresident of Weimar Germany until he
died.…read more

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Third Reich ­ Hitler's Germany under a dictatorship
Treaty of Versailles ­ The treaty that effectively punished Germany for the First
World War. It included making Germany into a democracy, the abolition of the
German monarchy (the Kaiser was the King or Emperor of Germany), making
Germany pay reparations for the War, significantly reducing Germany's military,
and casting the blame entirely on Germany.…read more

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