GCSE History Revision notes Germany 1918-45: 24 pages and EVERYTHING YOU SHOULD NEED!

Hello :D

This is a collection of notes that I've made and ones I've found online, and should have everything that you need if you're doing Germany 1918-45 GCSE History.

Though this is intended for those doing the Edexcel School History Project, it is incredibly useful and should help everybody!

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  • Created by: Luke
  • Created on: 18-06-12 18:25
Preview of GCSE History Revision notes Germany 1918-45: 24 pages and EVERYTHING YOU SHOULD NEED!

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History GCSE Revision Notes: Germany 1918-45
Quick thing to note: some of this was made by me, mostly made by other sources I've found on the internet.
This pack of revision notes should contain everything you need, and is 24 pages long. Good luck to all of you
taking the exam, and GO GET THAT
Also another thing to note: this was mainly intended for those doing the Edexcel School History Project, although
it contains everything that other students should need anyway :D
History Revision Key words and outline ­ Germany 1918-45:
Different topics you need to know about:
1. Weimar Germany and the rise of the NSDAP
2. What methods the NSDAP used to consolidate power
3. To what extent German society changed under the NSDAP and Hitler
Key words and figures:
Adolf Hitler ­ The Austrian country-lad-turned-German-despot
Allies ­ The alliance of forces that fought against the Axis. They were made up of
mainly democracies, but also some dictatorships. The main 3 sides in the Allies
were USA, Great Britain, and the USSR
Axis ­ The alliance of the Fascist states in the world during the Second World War.
The two main sides were Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan
Benito Mussolini ­ The fascist dictator of Italy from 1925-43
Communism ­ The political ideology/stage that there are no social classes

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Page 2

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Cosmopolitanism ­ The idea that all people are equal
Dawes Plan ­ The interim economic plan that was set up to help Germany pay its
reparations shortly after the occupation of the Ruhr.…read more

Page 3

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Great Depression ­ The economic crisis caused as a result of the Wall Street Crash
of October 1929. It affected most people around the world, and hit Germany
hardest because of its reliance on the Young and Dawes Plans
Hyperinflation ­ The economic inflation in Germany in 1924 that led to starvation
and a further lack of faith in the Weimar Republic
Josef Göbbels ­ Minister of propaganda in Hitler's government throughout the
Third Reich.…read more

Page 4

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Night of the Long Knives ­ 30 June ­ 2 July 1934, the night when Ernst Röhm and
the rest of the SA were hounded up, and either murdered or forced to join the SS
by SS officers, supported by Hitler
NSDAP ­ The National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische
Deutsche ArbeiterPartei), or Nazi Party.…read more

Page 5

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The final
aim of Socialism is to reach Communism
Spartacists ­ The Communist group that attempted a revolution in 1918
modelled on the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. It failed miserably, and its two
leaders were brutally murdered by Freikorps soldiers
SS ­ The second paramilitary army of the NSDAP. These guys fought throughout
the Second World War and were almost entirely die-hard Hitler supporters.…read more

Page 6

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Germany needed to pay. It was suggested and created by
Owen D. Young, an American
Hitler's Rise to power and consolidation of power:
Hitler's rise to power
Combination of a mixture of factors including events happening outside Germany,
the strengths of the Nazi party and the weaknesses of the other parties in
Germany. Hitler used all these powers to his advantage and eventually became
chancellor in 1933. In 1929, American Stock Exchange collapsed and caused an
economic depression.…read more

Page 7

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The moderate political parties would not work together
· Depression of 1929 created poverty and unemployment which made people
angry with the Weimar government. People turned to extremist parties like the
Communists and Nazis.
· Nazi storm troopers attacked Hitler's opponents.…read more

Page 8

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Jun 1933, Concordat: Hitler makes an agreement with the Pope who thinks
him as someone who can destroy Communism. Agreement allows Hitler to take
over political power in Germany as long as he leaves the Catholic church alone.…read more

Page 9

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Education and youth (working): The lives of young people were controlled both
and outside of school to turn them into fanatical Nazis
· Terror (method of control): Germany became a country where it was unsafe to
or say anything against the government
· Propaganda (method of control): Josef Goebels controlled the Propaganda
which aimed to brainwash people into obeying the Nazis and idolising Hitler
Hitler became Fuhrer (remember HELP)
Enabling act
Local government reorganized
Political parties banned
To what extent did the…read more

Page 10

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Politically unreliable teachers Academic standards fell.
removed. Shortage of teachers.
Women encouraged to leave War halved the number of
jobs. children in Higher Education.
NSLB (National Socialist
Teachers' League) set up to
indoctrinate teachers on
month-long courses ­ by 1937
97% had done this.
Altered syllabuses to
emphasise physical education,
History, German and Biology.
Created elite schools (e.g.
Napolas) to train German
youth for political leadership.…read more









THANKS God bless you and your grades.


Amazing, great document that addresses everything you could ever want into easy to understand segments. Great job on this I would recommend it to everyone :)


Is this for Edexcel Unit 2A History?


Thankyou, very helpful!


I love you thank you so much T T 

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