PARAGRAPH ONE- Enabling Act of 23rd March 1933
Extremely effective. After Reichstag fire, Law for the Protection of the People and the State made using Art 48--allowed reduction of civil liberties and arrest of communists, thus removing strongest dissenting voices from the Reichstag in time for the debate and vote on the Enabling Act. Enabling Act passed by 444-94- giving Hitler full legislative and executive powers for four years.
PARAGRAPH TWO- Gleichschaltung (coordination)
Varying degrees of effectiveness. Gleichschaltung aimed for the creation of a one party, centralised Reich
- Federated states- appointed Gauleiters for each Gau (area). Lander Diets (local parliaments dissolved in Jan 1934-subordinated to Reich government. Very effective.
- Trade unions-has hoped to be part of Nazi job creation schemes. Were brutally dissolved by SA and SS. Replaced by German Labour Front (DAF) Very effective.
- Churches- Catholic church signed the Concordat with Nazi government wherein they agreed to leave each other alone if some concessions were made (dissolution of Catholic Centre Party etc.) Therefore not as effective as it could have been
Tried to set up a Nazi protestant Reich Church but it never gained much support and dissenting voices still got through (Pastors' Emergency League protesting appointment of Otto Muller) Did not effectively coordinate Protestants
- Rival Parties- State Party and DVP small enough to be liquidated easily; DNVP were coalition…