Key Question 2 - To what extent did the Nazis transform German Society?

Detailed Notes on Key Question 2 of the course Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933-63

Shorter version here: http://getrevising.co.uk/resources/kq1_revision_notes_to_what_extent_did_the_nazis_transform_german_society

Specifically for AS OCR History A Unit F964 Option B

Study Topic 4: Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933–63

[Sepcification for my course on pg 63 of:http://www.ocr.org.uk/download/kd/ocr_9582_kd_gce_spec.pdf]

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  • Created by: Flo
  • Created on: 08-06-10 17:05

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To what extent did the Nazis transform
German Society?

Volksgemeinschaft

The Nazi Volksgemeinschaft

Nazi ideology based on three elements:
1. Racism
2. Nationalism
3. Authoritarianism

Hitler always claimed that Nazism was more than just a political ideology ­ movement that aimed to transform
German society ­ rejected the values of…

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Material effects on workers ­ so many variables such as age, occupation and geographical location ­ not
consistent for all workers.
Benefit for industrial workers ­ employment ­ millions had suffered from the mass unemployment of the
Depression ­ creation of jobs welcomed.

Late 1930s ­ Germany achieved full employment…

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Landowners:
Landed classes ­ suspicious of radical social change ­ resented the political interference of the NSDAP ­ feared
the Nazis would redistribute large landed estates. Learned to live with Nazism ­ before 1939 their economic
interests weren't compromised.

War ­ offered the chance of acquiring more cheap land after…

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Training courses arranged for unconvinced teachers.
NSLB (National Socialist Teachers' League) set up ­ interfered in the system ­ by 1937 97% teachers
had been on special monthlong courses on Nazi ideology and the changes to the curriculum.
Syllabuses altered ­ greater emphasis on physical education (Aryan ideal) ­ 15%…

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Youth groups developed ­ Swing Kids (Jazz music of the USA), Edelweiss Piraten (workingclass
youths who formed gangs such as the `Roving Dudes' and `Navajos').
These youths ­ alienated by the military emphasis and discipline of the HJ ­ met up and organised their
own hikes and camps ­ conflicted…

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gained the support of around 7000 out of 17000 pastors ­ claimed to represent the true Protestant
Churches of Germany.



193545:
Nazi leadership had achieved limited success in its control over the churches ­ torn between a policy of
suppression and a policy of limited persecution.
To destabilise churches, the…

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Dietrich Bonhoeffer ­ opposition started as dissent ­ from 1940 it developed into political
resistance ­ direct contact with elements of conservative resistance.
Individual resistance not exceptional ­ hundreds of priests and pastors died in concentration camps for
their refusal to cooperate with the regime ­ sacrifice is therefore testimony…

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Nazi Women's Organisations:
Women excluded from the Nazi machinery of government.
Only employment opportunities were within the Nazi women's organisations ­ NSF (National Socialist
Womanhood), DFW (German Women's Enterprise).
NSF and DFW regarded by the party as mere tools for the propagation of the antifeminist ideology
through programmes.
Campaign in…

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Promoted doctrines of racial purity.
Provided homes for unmarried mothers of illegitimate children who were seen as racially correct.
Arranged for the girls to be `impregnated' by SS members in organised brothels.
Around 11,000 children were born in this way.


Conclusion:
Nazis claimed to regard women as different, not inferior.…

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`New functionalism' artists censored ­ art which aimed to comment on the state of society by depicting
ordinary people in everyday life.
Bauhaus style censored ­ emphasised the relationship between art and technology.
Modern style of art resented ­ two exhibitions in 1937 (`Degenerate Art' and `Great German Art') ­…

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