Key Question 2 - To what extent did the Nazis transform German Society?

Detailed Notes on Key Question 2 of the course Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933-63

Shorter version here:

Specifically for AS OCR History A Unit F964 Option B

Study Topic 4: Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933–63

[Sepcification for my course on pg 63 of:]

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Flo
  • Created on: 08-06-10 17:05

Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
To what extent did the Nazis transform
German Society?


The Nazi Volksgemeinschaft

Nazi ideology based on three elements:
1. Racism
2. Nationalism
3. Authoritarianism

Hitler always claimed that Nazism was more than just a political ideology ­ movement that aimed to transform
German society ­ rejected the values of…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Material effects on workers ­ so many variables such as age, occupation and geographical location ­ not
consistent for all workers.
Benefit for industrial workers ­ employment ­ millions had suffered from the mass unemployment of the
Depression ­ creation of jobs welcomed.

Late 1930s ­ Germany achieved full employment…

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Landed classes ­ suspicious of radical social change ­ resented the political interference of the NSDAP ­ feared
the Nazis would redistribute large landed estates. Learned to live with Nazism ­ before 1939 their economic
interests weren't compromised.

War ­ offered the chance of acquiring more cheap land after…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Training courses arranged for unconvinced teachers.
NSLB (National Socialist Teachers' League) set up ­ interfered in the system ­ by 1937 97% teachers
had been on special monthlong courses on Nazi ideology and the changes to the curriculum.
Syllabuses altered ­ greater emphasis on physical education (Aryan ideal) ­ 15%…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Youth groups developed ­ Swing Kids (Jazz music of the USA), Edelweiss Piraten (workingclass
youths who formed gangs such as the `Roving Dudes' and `Navajos').
These youths ­ alienated by the military emphasis and discipline of the HJ ­ met up and organised their
own hikes and camps ­ conflicted…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
gained the support of around 7000 out of 17000 pastors ­ claimed to represent the true Protestant
Churches of Germany.

Nazi leadership had achieved limited success in its control over the churches ­ torn between a policy of
suppression and a policy of limited persecution.
To destabilise churches, the…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Dietrich Bonhoeffer ­ opposition started as dissent ­ from 1940 it developed into political
resistance ­ direct contact with elements of conservative resistance.
Individual resistance not exceptional ­ hundreds of priests and pastors died in concentration camps for
their refusal to cooperate with the regime ­ sacrifice is therefore testimony…

Page 8

Preview of page 8
Nazi Women's Organisations:
Women excluded from the Nazi machinery of government.
Only employment opportunities were within the Nazi women's organisations ­ NSF (National Socialist
Womanhood), DFW (German Women's Enterprise).
NSF and DFW regarded by the party as mere tools for the propagation of the antifeminist ideology
through programmes.
Campaign in…

Page 9

Preview of page 9
Promoted doctrines of racial purity.
Provided homes for unmarried mothers of illegitimate children who were seen as racially correct.
Arranged for the girls to be `impregnated' by SS members in organised brothels.
Around 11,000 children were born in this way.

Nazis claimed to regard women as different, not inferior.…

Page 10

Preview of page 10
`New functionalism' artists censored ­ art which aimed to comment on the state of society by depicting
ordinary people in everyday life.
Bauhaus style censored ­ emphasised the relationship between art and technology.
Modern style of art resented ­ two exhibitions in 1937 (`Degenerate Art' and `Great German Art') ­…


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »