Key Question 1 - How effectively did Hitler establish and control Nazi authority?

Detailed notes on Key Question 1 of the course Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933-63

Shorter version here: http://getrevising.co.uk/account/resources/kq1_revision_notes_to_what_extent_did_the_nazis_transform_german_society

Specifically for AS OCR History A Unit F964 Option B

Study Topic 4: Dictatorship and Democracy in Germany 1933–63

[Sepcification for my course on pg 63 of:http://www.ocr.org.uk/download/kd/ocr_9582_kd_gce_spec.pdf]

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  • Created on: 04-06-10 19:39

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Page 1

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How effectively did Hitler establish and
consolidate Nazi authority 193345?
The aims of the Nazis

N azi
Par
ty:
ND AS P (
N a t
ional
S o cial
is
t G erman
Wo rker
s'
P art
y).


T her
e were
thr
e e e sse nt…

Page 2

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Ral
li
es/canvassi
ng ­
eff
ect
ive
in
gaini
ng suppor
t.

BUTe
v eni
np
la cesw
it
hout
N azi
pr
o paganda,
t
hev
ot
es
ti
l
l
incr
eased­p
eopl
ew
ant
edc
hange­n
ot
one
of
t
he major
f
a ct
ors…

Page 3

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Consolidation of Power

The Nazi `Legal Revolution' (JanuaryMarch 1933)

Hitler's position as Chancellor was weak:
O nly
two oth er
N azi
s i
n
the
1 2
ma n ca bi
n et
­ Fri
ck and G oer
ing.

C o a li
ti
on did n't
have…

Page 4

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rd
Reichst
agme
t
on2
3
Ma rcht
oc
onsider
Enabli
ngA
c t
­C ommu ni
st
sr
ef
useda dmit
tancea
n dd
epu t
ies
f
aced SA i
nti
midat
ion.
Sti
l
l neededb
ackingt
og e t
twot
hir
dsma
j or
it
y­C…

Page 5

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Becoming Führer

th
6
Jul
y1
9 3 3­H
i t
ler
(i
nas
p eech) decl
areda
ne n dt
ot
heN
a zi
`
revoluti
on'
­s ai
di
tw oul
db es treame di
n t
o
`
e v ol
uti
on'.

C o ncer
nedt…

Page 6

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Hitler and Government

Hitler's Role

Th eore t
icall
y i
tw asu
n l
imit
e d­o
n ep
a r
tys
t at
ea
n dH
i t
lerw
a su
n disputedl
ead er
.C
o nsti
tuti
onall
y­H
i t
ler
comma n der
in…

Page 7

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SSf
orme di
n1
9 25a
sa né li
teb
o dyguardf
or Hi
tl
er
­r ema i
nedar
el
ati
velymi
nor sect
iono
f
theS
Au nti
l
1929
w hen
H i
mml er
became l
eader.

1933
­ 52,000
me mb er
s.
1931­H
imml…

Page 8

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N omo
r et
h an1
4 ,
000a
g entsf
or
thew
h ol
eo
f
G ermany­l
ar
gec
it
i
e s(
e.
g.
Frankf
urt
,
populat
ion
500,
00 0)
pol
iced by
just
4050 agent
s.

G estapow
o rkma
i nl
yp
r…

Page 9

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Assassination Attempts

Ther
e w ere
nu merous pl
ans by gr
ou ps/
indi
vidual
s t
o
assassinat
e H i
tl
er,
i
n part
icul
ar af
ter
1939 .

Some o f
t
he best
do cumented were:
1 9 35 6
­ Jewish
students…

Page 10

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I
nit
ial
cooper
ati
o n.

Lat
er r
elat
ions
broke down af
ter
concerns over
Hit
ler
's
radi
ca l
f
orei
gn poli
cy.
General
Beck ­
plan
to ar
rest
H i
tl
er
in
1938
­ r
uined by
H i
tl
er'…

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