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How did Hitler consolidate his power in 1933 and 1934?

1) Reichstag Fire 27 Feb 1933
The Reichstag (the German Parliament) burned down. A Dutch Communist named Van der Lubbe was
caught redhanded with matches and firelighting materials. Hitler used it as an excuse to arrest many of
his Communist…

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3) Propaganda
The German people were subjected to continual propaganda , under the control of Josef Goebbels . It was
the cult of personality everything was organised to make Germans permanently grateful to Adolf Hitler .
Germans were made to feel part of a great and successful movement in this…

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The Nazis considered much of the culture produced during the Weimar era to be `degenerate' and were
eager to replace it with forms of culture which promoted what they considered to be properly ` Germanic'
values: austerity, militarism, obedience and sacrifice.

Goebbels And `Hitler Myth'
In March 1933 , Hitler…

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Between 1933 and 1939, German military expenditure increased from 2 billion to 17 billion
By 1939, the German economy had financed the development of one of the most formidable and
technologically advanced war machines in the world.

Between 1933 and 1939, unemployment in Germany fell…

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· Jobdiscrimination against women was encouraged. Women doctors, teachers and civil servants were
forced to give up their careers.
· Women were never allowed to serve in the armed forces even during the war.
4) Youth
Most German young people were happy:
· Nazi culture was very youthoriented.
· The…

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It was the German workingclass which benefitted most from the reduction in unemployment
brought about by the Nazis between 1933 and 1939.
The implementation of the New Plan and the Four Year Plan meant that jobs for industrial
workers became so plentiful that Germany experienced a labour shortage from 1936.…

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with Dietrich Bonhoeffer to topple Hitler. However, by 1943 the war was going disastrously wrong for
Germany and for the first time opposition to Hitler within the army became significant.
In 1944 opposition centred on a group led by General Ludwig Beck and a civilian conservative politician,
Dr Carl Goerdeler.…

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Despite the bleak fortunes after Stalingrad propaganda was used to exploit patriotic defiance.
Goebbels Total war speech (Feb 1943) rallied many.
As German forces were defeated in North Africa, the Soviet Union, the Atlantic and Italy, there
emerged greater contempt for the Nazi leadership
Hitler's increasing isolation in his bunker…

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Communist opposition was undermined by the NaziSoviet Pact. After 1941 opposition did not come
from a single and united movement but from individuals and underground groups. The KPD and SPD
formed small groups, published reports and maintained contact with exiled leaders.
Resistance cells were set up in factories and were…

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From 1939 to 1942 the economy was not fully mobilised for war. Instead it fought a series of quick
wars (called Blitzkrieg) which did not place great demands on production. Thus strains in the
economy inevitable grew.
The lack of workers demanded increased efficiency. In February 1942 Speer was appointed…


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