OCR: Germany 1933-63 - KQ 1

Here is a collection of all my notes typed up including diagrams from my AS level History (OCR) last year

  • Germany 1933-63

These notes go from Key Question 1-4 and are separately uploaded resources

I got 94/100 and believe these notes helped me a lot

I also have the same kind of notes for Britain 1918-51, so see my other shared resources

Hope this is helpful :)

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History Revision Germany 193363




KQ1 ­ How effectively did Hitler establish and consolidate Nazi authority 193345?

KQ1 Page
s
Aims of the Nazi's 12
Admission to power in 2
1933
Consolidation of power 28
Hitler and Government 810
The Police State 1013
Resistance up to 1945 1319

Aims of the…

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History Revision Germany 193363




State control of industry May involve racism ­
State support for vulnerable ­ National identity. Nothing else.
Money and allowances e.g. benefits for Militarism ­
the disabled Must have strong army

After WW1 ­ Germany was in Chaos, lots of attempted revolutions e.g.
Communist

Nazi Party's…

Page 3

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History Revision Germany 193363





1932 ­ Nazi achieve 37% of the German vote

Von Papen though if Hitler was chancellor he should "be made vice chancellor along
with two other cabinet members" thinking this would tame him

Jan 30th 1933
President ­ Hindenburg
Chancellor ­ Hitler

Consolidation of power

The…

Page 4

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History Revision Germany 193363




o This gave the Nazi's the legal basis to persecute, terrorise and repress all
opposition

5th March Election

The Nazi vote increased from 33.1% to 43.9% so they now had 288 of 647 seats
in the Reichstag. They still didn't have the twothirds majority they needed.…

Page 5

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History Revision Germany 193363




Hitler's One Party state

With the support of the SA, a disillusioned public and the power gained from the
Enabling Act, Hitler was able to create a one party state. Through various means
and differing levels of success the Nazi's tried to control every aspect of…

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History Revision Germany 193363




communists out broke in savage violence around 3000 social democrats were
sent to camps or prison in Berlin ­ 500 SPD members were beaten and
tortured after an armed resistance, 91 died.

Centre Party dissolution

Hitler used different tactics towards the CP then the SPD. He…

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History Revision Germany 193363




senior officers. However, creating the Reich defence council and giving a seat to
Von Blomberg meant Hitler was able to decide all key army issues.

Catholic Church

At the expense of the CP the Catholic Church were willing to negotiate with
Hitler. The concordat signed between…

Page 8

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History Revision Germany 193363




SA (Sturm Abteilung) literally "storm troopers" but often known as the
"brown shirts". Led by Ernst Röhm they were the
paramilitary wing of the Nazi party

SS (Schutz Staffel) sometimes known as the "black shirts". Formed in
1925, initially as an elite body guard for Hitler…

Page 9

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History Revision Germany 193363




o The army thanked and pledged loyalty to the Fürher
o The president, Hindenburg expressed his thanks and appreciation to Hitler for
wiping out " treasonable" figures
o People were thankful for him getting rid of the SA, no matter his methods
o People believed Hitler…

Page 10

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History Revision Germany 193363




o The chancellery was responsible for the coordination of the government. As
the cabinet now has little say in state matters, the chancellery become more
important.
o Its leader HansHeinrich Lammers was responsible for all government
legislation and was the vital link between Hitler and all…

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