OCR: Germany 1933-63 - KQ 1

Here is a collection of all my notes typed up including diagrams from my AS level History (OCR) last year

  • Germany 1933-63

These notes go from Key Question 1-4 and are separately uploaded resources

I got 94/100 and believe these notes helped me a lot

I also have the same kind of notes for Britain 1918-51, so see my other shared resources

Hope this is helpful :)

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History Revision Germany 193363
KQ1 ­ How effectively did Hitler establish and consolidate Nazi authority 193345?
KQ1 Page
Aims of the Nazi's 12
Admission to power in 2
Consolidation of power 28
Hitler and Government 810
The Police State 1013
Resistance up to 1945 1319
Aims of the Nazi's
Nazi ideology
Social Darwinism ­ "Survival of the fittest" theory, Hitler adapted
this to racial purity of the Aryan race
Mein kampf Hitler's book, my struggle, that outlined his own
and Nazi ideology
Herrenvolk Master race ­ Aryan and northern Europeans
Volksgemeinschaft Peoples community/national identity
`November criminals' Socialist and Democratic leaders who signed the
Armistice in 1918 accepting the terms making Germany
a republic ­ seen as betrayers to the German army
Furherprinzip A leadership principle of a oneparty state led by one
leader. Public's needs sacrificed for the greater good.
Lebensraum Living space ­ expansion into Poland, Ukraine and Russia
to obtain the raw materials needed for continental
Greater Germany ­ A superpower to compete with the USA and British
Grossdeutsche Big Germany including Austria, Prussia, and the
Sudetenland etc. there was already a large number of
Germans living outside Germany
National Socialist German Workers Party
Socialism ­ Left Wing Nationalism ­ Right Wing
Supranational outlook ­ Interests of nation are most important
spread socialism to other countries ­
Nationalised industry ­ The country must come first

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History Revision Germany 193363
State control of industry May involve racism ­
State support for vulnerable ­ National identity. Nothing else.
Money and allowances e.g. benefits for Militarism ­
the disabled Must have strong army
After WW1 ­ Germany was in Chaos, lots of attempted revolutions e.g.…read more

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History Revision Germany 193363
1932 ­ Nazi achieve 37% of the German vote
Von Papen though if Hitler was chancellor he should "be made vice chancellor along
with two other cabinet members" thinking this would tame him
Jan 30th 1933
President ­ Hindenburg
Chancellor ­ Hitler
Consolidation of power
The process of strengthening/securing Hitler's power and position as Chancellor
How the Enabling Act was passed and why was it so important
30th Jan 1933 Hitler became Chancellor
However, his power was still limited because...…read more

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History Revision Germany 193363
o This gave the Nazi's the legal basis to persecute, terrorise and repress all
5th March Election
The Nazi vote increased from 33.1% to 43.9% so they now had 288 of 647 seats
in the Reichstag. They still didn't have the twothirds majority they needed.
However, the SA celebrated with a fresh wave of violence throughout Germany.…read more

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History Revision Germany 193363
Hitler's One Party state
With the support of the SA, a disillusioned public and the power gained from the
Enabling Act, Hitler was able to create a one party state. Through various means
and differing levels of success the Nazi's tried to control every aspect of life in
Nazi Germany.…read more

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History Revision Germany 193363
communists out broke in savage violence around 3000 social democrats were
sent to camps or prison in Berlin ­ 500 SPD members were beaten and
tortured after an armed resistance, 91 died.
Centre Party dissolution
Hitler used different tactics towards the CP then the SPD. He was aware that
violence may turn German Catholics against Nazi's. The Pope and catholic bishops
saw Hitler as a defence against communism.…read more

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History Revision Germany 193363
senior officers. However, creating the Reich defence council and giving a seat to
Von Blomberg meant Hitler was able to decide all key army issues.
Catholic Church
At the expense of the CP the Catholic Church were willing to negotiate with
Hitler. The concordat signed between German government and the Vatican
appeared to appease the church. It granted religious freedom, ability to appoint
its own clergy and set up schools.…read more

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History Revision Germany 193363
SA (Sturm Abteilung) literally "storm troopers" but often known as the
"brown shirts". Led by Ernst Röhm they were the
paramilitary wing of the Nazi party
SS (Schutz Staffel) sometimes known as the "black shirts".…read more

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History Revision Germany 193363
o The army thanked and pledged loyalty to the Fürher
o The president, Hindenburg expressed his thanks and appreciation to Hitler for
wiping out " treasonable" figures
o People were thankful for him getting rid of the SA, no matter his methods
o People believed Hitler had saved them from a greater bloodbath
o Others believed Hitler had no role in the murders
o Or had any knowledge of the events before it happened
o Germans scared to speak out against…read more

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History Revision Germany 193363
o The chancellery was responsible for the coordination of the government. As
the cabinet now has little say in state matters, the chancellery become more
o Its leader HansHeinrich Lammers was responsible for all government
legislation and was the vital link between Hitler and all the other organisations.
The much organised Lammers found it impossible to coordinate the growing
number of organisations.…read more


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