- Created by: mae.allen
- Created on: 08-12-18 14:52
|Craik and Lockhart’s Levels of Processing Model|
· Opposes the view that there are set memory stores as in the MMM (multi-story modern memory)
· Explains what we do with the info rather than how it is stored
· How deeply we consider or process the info dictates how long the memory lasts
The Levels of Processing model was developed by Craik and Lockhart in 1972, and is used to explain how memory works and opposes the view that there are set memory stores, as shown by models like the multi-store memory model. The levels of processing model seeks to explain what we do with the information rather than how it is stored. How deeply we consider or process information dictates how long the memory lasts.
Information received by the brain will be transferred to the long-term memory and therefore is remembered if the information:
- · Is considered
- · Is understood
- · Has meaning (related to past memories)
Therefore, according to this approach, the meaning of the information is much more relevant than just repetition.
How much this information is considered is called the “depth of processing”. The deeper this information is processed, the longer the memory or memory trace will last.
This approach identifies three possible levels:
- 1. Structural level –…