Memory Models

  • Created by: TaylorYS
  • Created on: 23-11-18 12:59
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  • 4.1 Memory Models
    • Atkinson and Shiffren - Multi Store Memory Model
      • Short Term Memory
        • Limited amount of info can be stored
          • Held for about 30 seconds
        • Rehearsal (Imagery, Repetition, etc.)
          • Rehearsal can lead to transfer to the LTM
        • Chunking (Linking two or more pieces of info, and remembering them as one)
        • REHEARSAL/RETRIEVAL
          • Long Term Memory
            • Almost limitless capacity
              • Holds info for long periods of time
      • Long Term Memory
        • Almost limitless capacity
          • Holds info for long periods of time
      • Sensory Memory
        • Selective Attention
          • Filtering out irrelevant cues, make better decisions faster
        • ATTENTION
          • Short Term Memory
            • Limited amount of info can be stored
              • Held for about 30 seconds
            • Rehearsal (Imagery, Repetition, etc.)
              • Rehearsal can lead to transfer to the LTM
            • Chunking (Linking two or more pieces of info, and remembering them as one)
            • REHEARSAL/RETRIEVAL
        • Encoding
          • Visual Codes
            • Looking
          • Auditory Codes
            • Listening
          • Semantic Codes
            • Conversion of information into meaning
      • Craik and Lockhart - Levels of Processing Model
        • Shallow
          • Structural
            • Physical qualities, forgotten very quickly
        • Intermediate
          • Phonetic
            • Sounds, more thought and understanding
        • Deep
          • Semantic
            • Meaning of the words, making associations and elaborating
        • Advantages
          • Explains link between understanding, and length of storage
          • Longer analysis and consideration = longer storage
        • Disadvantages
          • Depth of processing does not always help us remember
          • Hard to define "deep" processing
          • Doesn't take into account individual differences

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