Wars and treaties in Henry VIII's time

Wars x4 that happened from 1513-23

Treaties x3 from 1514-20

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WARS: 1513

The Battle of the Spurs(http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?q=the+battle+of+flodden&um=1&hl=en&safe=off&sa=N&rls=com.microsoft:en-GB:%7Breferrer:source%3F%7D&biw=1366&bih=643&tbm=isch&tbnid=1cJIyPO6ScomeM:&imgrefurl=http://www.discovertheborders.co.uk/battles.html&docid=0DF3FnUODcTe7M&imgurl=http://www.discovertheborders.co.uk/uploads/images/flodden.jpg&w=400&h=266&ei=_Be1T8PkDoix0QX_47HcDw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=421&sig=108978344944144318667&page=1&tbnh=139&tbnw=186&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:74&tx=104&ty=34)

  • Henry VIII personally led an army of 30,000 men to Calais
  • He managed to capture two small French towns: Therouanne and Tournai with little resistence from the French - it was a "victory"

The Battle of Flodden

  • James IV, King of Scotland, took advantage of Henry's absence and invaded England
  • The English army, led by the Earl of Surrey, fought and won a tremendous victory as they were outnumbered. It removed the Scottish threat for the foreseeable future.
  • James IV was killed and Catherine was going to send his head to Henry as proof
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TREATY: 1514

Anglo-French treaty

  • Between England and France
  • Gave England possession of Tournai (which it had captured in the Battle of the Spurs)
  • Louis VII agreed to pay off England's debt which it had had since the 1490s
  • Treaty was sealed by the marriage between Henry's younger sister Mary and the elderly Louis VII
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TREATY: 1518

The Treaty of London

  • Organised by Wolsey
  • Bound together England, France, Spain, Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy against the Turk
  • Guaranteed no aggression between them and security as if one started to be aggressive then the others rounded on them
  • A success!
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TREATY: 1520

The Field of the Cloth of Gold

  • A huge pageant to celebrate the Treaty of London
  • Over 3,000 nobles attended
  • Henry and Francis had a spontaneous wrestling match which Francis won
  • Little of diplomatic value was achieved and a lot of money was spent, making Henry bankrupt
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WARS: 1522 + 1523


  • A raiding party, led by the Earl of Surrey, invaded Calais then Normandy to Picardy
  • It made no terrotorial gains and received little support from Charles V


  • An English force, led by the Duke of Suffolk and costing £400,000, went to Calais to assist the Duke of Bourbon who felt he had been denied his rightful terrotorial inheritance and so waged open rebellion
  • However, the English army fell apart and wasted lots of money
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