Britain 1509-1529

In depth study into Britain 1483-1529.

This section is on

  • Reign of Henry VIII
  • Consolidation of power
  • Foreign policy
  • Domestic policy
  • Domestic Industry
  • Government and Parliament
  • The Court
  • The Church, Papacy and reformation
  • Wolsey
  • European superpowers
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In what year did Henry VII die?
1509
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Why was Henry VIII unprepared for a life of Kingship?
He was the second child to Henry VII
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How old was Henry VIII when he became King?
17
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Who had been Henry VIII's tutor
John Skelton
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When was Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon?
January 1510
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What was Henry VIII's first act of government?
Removing the Counsel Learned in the law
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Why did he do this?
He thought it was unpopular amongst his subjects
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What commission did Henry VIII register coinciding with this first act of government?
Oyer and Terminer
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What did this do?
Register complaints against Henry VII
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Why did Henry VIII not agree with the counsel he had inherited?
His personality was very different to his predecessor
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What did Henry VIII rule through?
Privy Chamber
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Who first directed affairs at the start of Henry VIII's reign?
Margaret Beaufort
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Why was the death of this person significant?
Wolsey could now rise to power
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Who made up Henry VIII's Privy Chamber?
Minions
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Who was the noble who had a claim to the throne and posed as a threat?
Duke of Buckingham
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What happened to this person?
Wolsey charged him with treason
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In what month and year was Wolsey appointed to the counsel?
June 1510
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What event did Wolsey seize to rise to positions of very high authority?
War against France
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Why was Wolsey able to maintain his authoritative position?
Men that could
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What building did Wolsey build that was more impressive than the King's palace?
Hampton Court
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Wolsey held a Prime Ministerial dominance over the King.
Perhaps
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Wolsey just followed the King's orders.
Perhaps
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What is the name of the act of Wolsey' that rearranged the royal household to his advantage?
Eltham Ordinances
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What did Wolsey believe about the cases heard in the Court of Star Chamber?
Fair judgment should be given despite social status
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What did Wolsey bring to some cases that did not bring justice?
Personal vendetta
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The Court of Star Chamber was also unable to meet what?
Increased demands
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What tax did Wolsey find inefficient?
10ths and 15ths
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What did Wolsey do to reform the tax system?
Directly assess subsidies
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What was the problem of this?
Not as efficient
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What tax did Wolsey introduce to raise funds for the war against France?
Amicable grant
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In what year was this introduced?
1525
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Did Wolsey pass the act through parliament?
No
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Why?
Relations between parliament and Wolsey were not good
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Where was the main rebellion against it?
Lavenham
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What did Wolsey blame for economic and domestic problems?
Enclosure
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What constrained foreign relations?
The Italian wars
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Who was the main European rivalry between during this time?
Charles V and Francis I
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Who persuaded Henry VIII to campaign against Paris instead of the littler states?
Charles V
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Did this person keep his side of the alliance and attack Paris also?
No
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In what year was the Treaty of London?
1518
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In what year was the Field of the Cloth of Gold?
1520
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Where did it take place?
Calais
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What was the battle of Spurs?
English invasion in France that captured a French city
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Why did Henry VIII agree peace with France?
HRE and Spain had done so
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Did Wolsey find allies against this new French King?
No
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Why?
Francis I had been making treaties with other countries
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What did this do to to England?
Isolate them diplomatically
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What international title did he gain from this?
International peacemaker
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What event followed this treaty?
Field of the Cloth of Gold
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During the Hapsburg-Valios tension, who did Henry VIII choose to ally with?
Haspburgs
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What was the name of the treaty that allied against Charles V?
Amiens
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How did Charles V respond?
Holding English merchants hostage
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What did England then have to do?
Lift the trade embargo
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What was the name of the treaty signed by France, HRE and the Pope?
Cambrai
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What was significant about this treaty in regards to England?
England were excluded
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Who was Martin Luther?
A reformist challenging the Pope
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Who defended the Pope initially?
Henry VIII
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Who sparked Henry VIII's desire for an annulment?
Anne Boyeln
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Who initiated the Treaty of London?
Leo X
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Why?
Muslims were attacking Italy
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Who manipulated the event in his countries favour?
Wolsey
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At this time, who controlled the Pope?
Charles V
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When Henry VIII declared war on Charles V, what was put upon Burgundy?
A trade embargo
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What did tax payers say this new tax was?
Forced loan
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why was Henry VIII unprepared for a life of Kingship?

Back

He was the second child to Henry VII

Card 3

Front

How old was Henry VIII when he became King?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who had been Henry VIII's tutor

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

Claire Smith

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very helpful thanks!!!

Katherine

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Catherine and Henry's marriage was on the 11 June 1509 

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