Definitions of Aggression
Hostile Aggression- Caused by being provoked or upset with the primary purpose being to harm someone
Instrumental Aggression- Primary goal is to gain some form of reward. Aggression is a means to an end and is not usually provoked by emotion.
Pro-Social Aggression- Aggression performed to prevent greater harm (eg- a Police Officer who shoots a terrorist)
Social Learning Theory of Aggression
- SLT concerns the role of Observational learning in our behaviour development.
- SLT emphasises the importance of observing and modelling the behaviours of others.
- Aggression is primarily learned like most other social behaviours (Bandura 1973)
- Humans are not born as aggressive individuals.
- Aggressive behaviours are acquired through either Direct Experience or Vicarious Learning.
- Direct Experience- Behaviour that is rewarded will be repeated and learned, aggression that is associated with a reward is likely to be repeated and learned.
- Vicarious Learning- Individuals observe and imitate the behaviour of others.