Psychology A2- January Exam

Revision Cards for the January Exam


Definitions of Aggression

Hostile Aggression- Caused by being provoked or upset with the primary purpose being to harm someone

Instrumental Aggression- Primary goal is to gain some form of reward. Aggression is a means to an end and is not usually  provoked by emotion.

Pro-Social Aggression- Aggression performed to prevent greater harm (eg- a Police Officer who shoots a terrorist)

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Social Learning Theory of Aggression

  • SLT concerns the role of Observational learning in our behaviour development.
  • SLT emphasises the importance of observing and modelling the behaviours of others.
  • Aggression is primarily learned like most other social behaviours (Bandura 1973)
  • Humans are not born as aggressive individuals.
  • Aggressive behaviours are acquired through either Direct Experience or Vicarious Learning.
  • Direct Experience- Behaviour that is rewarded will be repeated and learned, aggression that is associated with a reward is likely to be repeated and learned.
  • Vicarious Learning- Individuals observe and imitate the behaviour of others.
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Fyzah :p


Thanks :)

These definitions are useful, so it the part about the social learning theory ^_^

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