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The Specification…read more

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The application of
scientific methodology in
Psychology…read more

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The application of scientific methodology in Psychology
The Nature of Science:
Some of the first work done on the functioning of the human mind used
introspection, a method involving the researcher sitting down and having a think
about what they felt and thought about what was going on in their head.
Thankfully psychology has moved on a lot since then and has now adopted the
scientific method.
The scientific method requires theories to be objectively tested.…read more

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Science or Non-Science?
Science is defined as being objective, replicable and rational. Often items are
reported in the news as science but they lack the key features of scientific
knowledge. Bordens and Abbott (2008) suggested that there are three ways of
explaining human behaviour that we need to be careful not to confuse with
scientific explanations.
Complete this table with a definition of each concept, an explanation of why
it is not scientific and an example of something that is often explained in
this way.…read more

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Not scientific because:
The scientific process:
Define the following key terms:
Complete the scientific process diagram:…read more

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Karl Popper (1935) believed that a deductive method was the best one to take
because this involves proposing a theory and then seeking evidence to either
support or contradict the theory. Popper argued that this allows researchers to
seek falsification which will allow them to show that the theory has been tested
properly. In short, researchers should actively search for ways to disprove their
theory ­ if it is easy to disprove then the theory is altered and retested.…read more

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What is a `paradigm shift?'…read more

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A Paradigm Shift?
Outline the assumptions of the behaviourist and psychodynamic approaches to
Would you describe the approaches as having similar or different assumptions?
Do the two approaches represent one paradigm or two? Justify your conclusion.…read more

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Values in science
Bias in peer review
File drawer phenomenon…read more



what book is the presentation perfering to ? other than that this is really helpful as i am resiting PSYA4 in June :) thanks  

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