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PSYA4 Research Methods
Working Booklet

Topics include:

The Application of Scientific Methodology in Psychology
Designing psychological investigations
Data analysis and reporting investigations


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The Specification

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The application of
scientific methodology in

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The application of scientific methodology in Psychology
The Nature of Science:
Some of the first work done on the functioning of the human mind used
introspection, a method involving the researcher sitting down and having a think
about what they felt and thought about what was going on in their…

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Science or Non-Science?
Science is defined as being objective, replicable and rational. Often items are
reported in the news as science but they lack the key features of scientific
knowledge. Bordens and Abbott (2008) suggested that there are three ways of
explaining human behaviour that we need to be careful…

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Not scientific because:


The scientific process:
Define the following key terms:

Complete the scientific process diagram:

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Karl Popper (1935) believed that a deductive method was the best one to take
because this involves proposing a theory and then seeking evidence to either
support or contradict the theory. Popper argued that this allows researchers to
seek falsification which will allow them to show that the theory has…

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What is a `paradigm shift?'

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A Paradigm Shift?
Outline the assumptions of the behaviourist and psychodynamic approaches to

Would you describe the approaches as having similar or different assumptions?

Do the two approaches represent one paradigm or two? Justify your conclusion.

Validating New Knowledge
Do a quick internet search and list 3 journals of…

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Values in science

Bias in peer review

File drawer phenomenon




what book is the presentation perfering to ? other than that this is really helpful as i am resiting PSYA4 in June :) thanks  

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