Nepal - Extreme Tourism

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  • Created by: Jiya
  • Created on: 07-04-16 17:22


  • small LEDC nation, between India and China
  • 147,000 square miles
  • population: 19 million
  • one of the poorest countries in the world with $170 per capita annual income
  • people visit Everest Base Camp and the Himalayas
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Positive Impacts

  • creates jobs and income
    • Sherpas (mountain guides) charge up to $2,000 fo guided tour
    • locals earn money for themselves and their families
    • improves quality of life
  • Nepalese government charges for climbing permits
    • Mount Everest costs $3350 for a permit
    • money gained goes towards protecting environment and preserving natural scenery to keep people visiting
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Negative Impacts

  • estimated 50 tonnes rubbish left on Everest, including oxygen tanks and climbing equipment
    • results in litter collection, taking time and money
    • spoils natural beauty
    • if beauty too damaged, tourists stop coming, country suffers economically
  • deforestation rates are rising as firewood used by trekking groups
    • Nepal lost 224,000 hectares of natural forest since 1990
    • burning wood releases carbon dioxide, contributing to global warming
    • loss of vegetation and forest means animals' habitats destroyed and some species die out
    • biodiversity decreases
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Coping with Tourism

  • in 2010, clean-up mission launched in 'death zone'
    • 4 dead bodies retrieved
    • area will remain attractive
  • The Nepal Nature Conservation Society successfully closed several treks permanently such as Nangpa La in Khumba
    • these areas remain as wilderness to preserve beauty
    • protects habitats of animals living there
  • helping local people like inhabitants of villages like, Siddhi
    • The Tourism for Rural Poverty Alleviation Program trained locals in hotel management, tour guiding, environmental awareness and handicraft making 
    • locals have money to spend on themselves and their families, improving quality of life
    • provides services for tourists meaning people continue to want to visit
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