Extreme Tourism: Nepal

Mindmap for Nepal, a case study for extreme tourism.

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  • Created by: emily_w
  • Created on: 15-04-14 12:17
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  • Extreme Tourism: Nepal
    • About Nepal
      • between India and China
      • capital is Kathmandu
      • mountainous landscape
      • Himalayas
    • Impacts
      • Sherpas
        • Sherpas are native to Nepal and can survive at high altitudes
        • Sherpas make a lot of money from tourism by working as guides
        • Sherpas are elite, rest of Nepal is poor, this causes conflict
        • drug and alcohol addiction
        • some marry foriegners and move abroad, less Sherpas to guide and loss of culture
      • Farmers
        • a lot of Sherpas are moving away, so some farmers try to be guides or porters to earn more money
        • farmers are not Sherpas so cannot live at high altitudes as Sherpas can
        • risk to farmers and tourists because they may get lost and farmers do not know safe routes
      • Footpath erosion
        • increased numbers of tourists cause footpaths to be eroded
        • can make climbing Everest dangerous
      • Waste
        • catholes (when people poop in a hole) can pollute soil
        • litter left on mountain can harm flora and fauna and damage biodiversity
        • litter is a problem at Everest Base Camp, where people camp before they climb
    • Solutions
      • encourage tourists to visit wider area, not just Everest/ Himalayas
        • do this by
          • make another base camp on the other side of Everest
          • advertise local accommodation or other mountains/ attractions
        • effects
          • waste and litter reduced in one place, easier to manage
          • less footpath erosion
          • tourism profits more spread out so less conflict
      • reduce amount of firewood used by tourists and locals to decrease deforestation
        • effects
          • less habitat destruction
          • preserve biodiversity
            • less habitat destruction
          • landscape isn't damaged
          • less CO2 emissions, if carbon-neutral alternative given
        • do this by
          • supply locals with alternative fuel eg propane or coal
          • sell locals and tourists sustainable wood
          • plant trees to replace ones cut down
      • cut down on people camping in unauthorised sites
        • do this by
          • landmines
          • create 'official' campsites and encourage people to use these
          • put up signs at dangerous sites
        • effects
          • people become more aware of local environment
          • pollution reduced to 'official' campsites only
          • less accidents and injuries
      • involve local people in making decisions regarding tourism
        • do this by
          • involve tourism reps in local politics
          • educate them about helping themselves
        • effects
          • local people are empowered
          • decisions benefit local people
      • decrease gaps in tourism profits between areas/ groups of people
        • do this by
          • tax tourism earnings
          • advertise tourism destinations throughout Himalayas and Nepal
        • effects
          • reduced conflict between Sherpas and non Sherpas
          • more money for infrastructure
    • Extreme tourism
      • Who
        • the rich-- $11,000 for an Everest climbing permit
        • Scientists
        • researchers
        • photographers
        • young people--need to be physically fit
      • When
        • high tourist season is between June and September
      • Why
        • accomplishment
        • fundraising
        • scenery
        • do it for the vine
      • Increase
        • education, media causes people to be more curious about wider world
        • awaerness of health and safety so people feel safer
        • improved healthcare
    • Benefits
      • Tourism brings a lot of money to Nepal, even though it's unevenly distributed
      • expose Westerners to Asian cultre so they want to help preserve it

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