Methods of Training- PE short course Edexcel

Methods of Training- PE short course Edexcel

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Cicuit Training (games players & swimmers)

  • Consists of different exercises (each a station) in an order
  • There are 6-10 Stations- each station works on particular areas
  • Good for both skill and health relations
  • Each station can be made up of a number of reps, and each number of reps makes a set
  • Examples of exercises- press ups x20 Reps makes up one set.

Positives:

  • Good for all round exercise
  • In expensive
  • Adaptable to suit sports/people
  • Large number of people in small space- time and space efficient

Negatives:

  • Take a lot of time and effort to set up circuit
  • Planning needs to be organised and safe
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Continuous (endurance performers, games players)

  • Exercising at a constant steady, low-intensity pace
  • There are no rest periods
  • It's aerobic
  • Examples of continuous training could include swimming, running & cycling

Positives:

  • Improves both cardiovascular and muscular endurance
  • It's cheap
  • Can be performed in a variety of different places- prevents tedium
  • Good for aerobic and CV fitness
  • No specialist equipment is required
  • Good for burning body fat

Negatives:

  • Can be boring
  • Doesn't improve speed, which is needed for most sports
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Interval (sprinters)

  • Involves periods of high intensity work over measured distances followed by periods of rest
  • Develops speed
  • Anaerobic
  • 5/6 reps makes up 1 set of 80m

Positives:

  • You can mix anaerobic and aerobic respiration
  • It's easy to see when someone is finding it hard to keep up
  • Involves a break

Negatives:

  • You need to be determind
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Fartlek (games players-for short bursts of activit

  • Swedish word meaning 'Speed play'
  • Involves many changes of speed in different terrains (i.e. the gradient you're working at)

Positives:

  • It's varied and interesting
  • It's good for developing both speed and endurance
  • You can have time to recover by changing your speed
  • It works both types of respiration
  • It provides a mix oup of speeds for the person and sport

Negatives:

  • There's no complete rest
  • Coaches are unable to tell how hard a person is working
  • It's easy to skip the hard bits, so you need to be self-disciplined
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Weight/ resitance training

  • There are 3 sets of the same exercise before moving on
  • Uses free weights or machines
  • Used mainly to improve MS or ME in a specific muscle group

Positives:

  • Good for imrpoving MS- heavy weights, and ME- light weights
  • Very adaptable
  • Enhances flexibility
  • It's easy to work on different muscle groups

Negatives:

  • Can easily injure yourself if using too heavy weights
  • Not suitable for those under 16 as bones are still developing and so it could disrupt growth
  • It doesn't develop all areas of fitness
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Cross training

  • Thsi is a combination of other methods of training, NOT a combination of different sports

Positives:

  • It is good for developing areas of health related fitness
  • Can be easily adapted for individula needs
  • It's varied, leading to good motivation
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