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EDEXCEL PE Revision Notes
Short Course

1.1.1: Healthy, Active lifestyles and how they benefit you

Physical: burns fat, look good, body image, muscle tone and posture improvement,
bone strengthening, improves flexibility, cardiovascular fitness, less prone to injury
Mental: satisfaction of performance, promotes feel good factor, exciting, enjoyment,
relieve aggression,…

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Cultural Influences:
Age: age limits for participation? Competitions vary for certain ages? As trend for a
healthier lifestyle continues, the elderly realize they need to exercise too. More public
opportunities for this age group.
Disability: established facilities are adapted to accommodate the various needs of
disabled players, e.g. ramps and…

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Time: the amount of free time a person has results in how much time a person can
spend doing sport.

Socio-economic influences:
Socio-economic status: in the main, data has shown that the higher the classification
category (how much you earn), the more likely you are to participate in sporting

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Coaching: Sports coach UK is a charitable organization concerned with coaching.
They have set up a coaching framework for planning and implementing
comprehensive systems for sport support.
Sports leader: Sports leader UK is a registered charity providing opportunities to
gain qualifications and develop core skills and competencies in sporting activities.…

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Peak of the pyramid, where individuals reach sporting excellence
The pyramid narrows here as fewer people take part at this stage
Sports Governing Bodies are responsible at this stage (county regional national)


The government has invested £978 million over a four-year period, to develop and deliver
the PE,…

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Private clubs involve people to take part by including open days, school visits, organizing
trips/events and advertising.

There are also CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE around the country, catering for various
activities and skill levels. These provide top-class facilities. Universities providing this
include oxford, Cambridge, durham, leeds, Cardiff and Loughborough.


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Less Flexibility: if joints aren't regularly moved, ability to move them to their fullest is
Breathlessness: body loses ability to work for long periods of time
Aerobic capacity reduced: body's ability for gaseous exchange reduced
Loss of strength: reduced stress on muscles makes them flaccid and weak.

Health related…

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1.1.4a: Physical Activity: Training principles and Goal Setting

The principles of training are the rules to follow when undertaking physical activity
programmes to improve fitness:

Principle of Description

Specificity Understanding the needs of the game and event. This then means that training should be matched
to the needs of…

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Individual Need As everyone's fitness levels differ, systematic training must take into account the individual needs,
i.e. exercise related to each person based on age, gender, fitness, and sport for which training.

Frequency The number of times an exercise is undertaken in a week. The more times, the more often…

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1.1.4b: Physical Activity: Assessing fitness & developing a PEP

PAR-Q stands for Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire. This is usually the first step to
assessing personal suitability and readiness for exercise. Questions may concern:
Heart trouble
Chest pains
Feeling faint/dizzy
Blood pressure
Bone/joint problems
Effects of exercising on bones/joints
Age and…


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