PE Revision Notes for Edexcel

This clear and concise revision booklet, covers all the specification for the PE GCSE SHORT COURSE. 1.1.1-1.1.5. 

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  • Created on: 11-02-11 19:52
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EDEXCEL PE Revision Notes
Short Course
1.1.1: Healthy, Active lifestyles and how they benefit you
Physical: burns fat, look good, body image, muscle tone and posture improvement,
bone strengthening, improves flexibility, cardiovascular fitness, less prone to injury
Mental: satisfaction of performance, promotes feel good factor, exciting, enjoyment,
relieve aggression, opportunity for success, reduces stress and tension, increase
confidence, self-esteem
Social: teamwork, being part of a team, challenge as you overcome opposition,
increase self-worth, chance to meet new people, make friends, mix with people of
similar interests
In order for any physical activity to be of value to a person's physical fitness, it must meet the
FITT requirements:
Frequency: taking part in PE 3-5 times a week
Intensity: heart rate must be raised above 60% of its max (max HR = 220-age)
Time: heart rate raised to this level and sustained for 20 minutes
Type: type of exercise should suit sport and individual
Taking part in a healthy, active lifestyle can stimulate:
1. Cooperation: by working together for the good of the club, a person can be a
player/organizer/helper etc, cooperating with fellow members for success.
2. Competition: individual and team activities present competitive situations.
3. Physical Challenge: certain activities present people with challenging situations.
4. Aesthetic appreciation: as a performer develops skill and understanding of an
activity, they may begin to appreciate the activity as a whole.
5. Social development: with many sports there is a social side; friendships can be
formed etc.
Key terms: physical activity, healthy active lifestyle, health, social, physical, mental,
fitness, FITT, self esteem, tension, detoxify, serotonin, introspective, endorphins, aesthetic
appreciation, competence, overload
1.1.2a: Influences on healthy, active lifestyles

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Cultural Influences:
Age: age limits for participation? Competitions vary for certain ages? As trend for a
healthier lifestyle continues, the elderly realize they need to exercise too. More public
opportunities for this age group.
Disability: established facilities are adapted to accommodate the various needs of
disabled players, e.g. ramps and stair lifts.
Gender: some clubs may offer single-sex teams. Generally, each sex competes
separately, for safety reasons, due to physical differences in size and strength.…read more

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Time: the amount of free time a person has results in how much time a person can
spend doing sport.
Socio-economic influences:
Socio-economic status: in the main, data has shown that the higher the classification
category (how much you earn), the more likely you are to participate in sporting
Cost: in order to participate in most sports, there needs to be a certain financial
commitment. Some sports can just be too expensive for most people to finance.
1.1.…read more

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Coaching: Sports coach UK is a charitable organization concerned with coaching.
They have set up a coaching framework for planning and implementing
comprehensive systems for sport support.
Sports leader: Sports leader UK is a registered charity providing opportunities to
gain qualifications and develop core skills and competencies in sporting activities.
Volunteer: for sports clubs to continue they need to be organized well. Volunteers can
apply for various roles that are essential.…read more

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Peak of the pyramid, where individuals reach sporting excellence
The pyramid narrows here as fewer people take part at this stage
Sports Governing Bodies are responsible at this stage (county regional national)
The government has invested £978 million over a four-year period, to develop and deliver
the PE, School Sport and Club Links scheme (PESSCL). The aims of this strategy are to
increase number of 5-16 year olds taking up opportunities for sport and remaining involved
throughout their lives.…read more

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Private clubs involve people to take part by including open days, school visits, organizing
trips/events and advertising.
There are also CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE around the country, catering for various
activities and skill levels. These provide top-class facilities. Universities providing this
include oxford, Cambridge, durham, leeds, Cardiff and Loughborough.
NATIONAL SPORT CENTRES are available for local communities as well as elite athletes.
These are public, facilities are available for hire, courses are available and clubs are based at
centres.…read more

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Less Flexibility: if joints aren't regularly moved, ability to move them to their fullest is
Breathlessness: body loses ability to work for long periods of time
Aerobic capacity reduced: body's ability for gaseous exchange reduced
Loss of strength: reduced stress on muscles makes them flaccid and weak.
Health related Description Skill Related Description
fitness (HRF) Fitness (SRF)
Cardiovascular Ability to exercise whole body for long Agility Ability to change position of body quickly
fitness periods of time (stamina) with control.…read more

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Physical Activity: Training principles and Goal Setting
The principles of training are the rules to follow when undertaking physical activity
programmes to improve fitness:
Principle of Description
Specificity Understanding the needs of the game and event. This then means that training should be matched
to the needs of the sporting activity to improve fitness.
Progression Progressively working harder over a set period of time. Gradually increasing the stress on the body
as it adapts to the exercise training levels.…read more

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Individual Need As everyone's fitness levels differ, systematic training must take into account the individual needs,
i.e. exercise related to each person based on age, gender, fitness, and sport for which training.
Frequency The number of times an exercise is undertaken in a week. The more times, the more often body is
put under stress.
Intensity The level of difficulty of an exercise, e.g. your HR may show you this.
Time How long a session lasts.…read more

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Physical Activity: Assessing fitness & developing a PEP
PAR-Q stands for Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire. This is usually the first step to
assessing personal suitability and readiness for exercise.…read more


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