Luther: Reformation treaties

The reformation treaties

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Issue of good teachings

  • Issue of reformation centred round the role of good works in process of salvation.
  • Luther believed good works without faith were useless.
  • Problem lay in Curch's teachings.
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  • In Church sacraments were seen as vehicles of grace.
  • Luther believed faith came by the direct grace of God, not through sacraments. claimed sacraments were just symbols of participation.
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Roles of papacy

  • Church believed a Priest's ordinations gave him power to convert bread and wine in the mass into the body the body of Christ, set him apart.
  • Luther's believed any true believer was a priest in God's eyes as he had direct access to Christ through prayer.
  • Luther believed Bishops and Archbishops held order but their appointments were not through divine grace.
  • `To the christian nobility of the German nation` was an appeal to all Christian Lords and princes to carry out reforms needed to create a truly Christian society.
  • `On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church` defined sacraments as divine promises rather than vehicles of grace.
  • number of sacraments reduced from 7 to two.
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Revolutionary views on mass & Faith

  • Luther argued Christs body and blood was not physically present during mass.
  • By removing Transubstantioation Luther removed Priests' status as miracle workers.
  • Faith in Christ gives people an inner freedom from all spiritual perils- not earned by good works.
  • Teaching appealing to generation brought up to strive to be good enough for God.
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