Henry VIII's Key dates and acts

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War against France
1512/13 - Henry's desire to be King of France
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Battle of Spurs
1513 - In France won Henry with 30,000 men the towns of Tournai and Therouanne, built up to be a bigger success than it truly was
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Battle of Flodden
1513 - earadicated the Scottish threat as James IV was killed replaced by young James V - Henry secured his influence in France
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Anglo-French Treaty
1514 - made peace with France as loss of funds, Maximilian and Ferdinand lost interest - New Pope Leo X favoured peace - Mary could be married off to Louis XII
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Treaty of London
1518 - Wolsey's comeback as he appealed a plan for a crusade against the Turks - Pope Leo approved and it reasserted England as a key power
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Wolsey = Papal Legate
1518 - his good work also could help with the Great Matter
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Field Of Cloth Of Gold
1520 - NO EXPENSE SPARED between Henry and Francis of France yet had little value, papancy felt vulnerable as France became a key player
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The Diplomatic Revolution
1525 - Wolsey pushed England into a pro-France alliance, despite Francis taken prisoner and army destroyed Charles didn't want to share the victory
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Treaty of the More
1525 - as a consequence of Wolsey allowing negotiations with France Henry giving up his claims to French throne
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Treaty of Cognac
aligned England with France and some Italian states against Charles of Italy
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Treaty of Westminster
1527 - move away from traditional alliances, Mary (the diplomatic marriage pawn) was given to either Francis or his son
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Capture of Pope Clement
1527 - English military power was weak and nothing could be done - Wolsey regrets his diplomatic decision as Charles is Catherine of Aragon's nephew so is unlikely to allow divorce
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Release of Pope Clement
end of 1527 - Charles maintained a strong influence - Henry did declare was on Charles in 1528 but an army was never mobilised
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Fall of Wolsey
1529 -divorce was unfulfilled and a call for a Parliament reformation drifted situations away from a solution
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Anti-clerical hysteria
late 1520's - brought to Henry's attention by Wolsey, Simon Fish said he called to reform a clergy that was corrupt and lazy
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Leviticus and Henry's search
1530 - Henry collected opinions of the finest universities in Europe reported in 1531. According to the Leviticus his marriage contravened divine law.
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Pressure on the Church
1531-2 - Henry attacked the church for supporting Catherine, forced fines of £118,000 on the whole church, later they were pardoned of treason
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Commons Supplications against the Ordinances
Cromwell led the Commons to join a petition against Church Courts and clerical jurisdiction
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Submission of the Clergy
1532 - Church of England was under Henry's control and Royal Supremacy became clearer. England headed towards a break from Rome
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Act of Restraint of Appeals
1533 - legal cases which arose in England could be settled in England. Stopped Catherine appealing to Rome, Henry gained supreme authority and clarified Royal Supremacy.
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Succession Act
1534 - registered his marriage to Catherine was invalid - Mary would be bastardised (changed in 1544) New queen Anne
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Act of Dispensation
1534 - stopped all payments to Rome
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Act of Supremacy
1534 - Declared Henry Supreme Head of the Church - removed all papal rights
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The Treason Act
1534 - made sure everyone agreed with King being the Supreme Head of the Church anyone against it was committing treason and could be executed.
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Dissolution of small monasteries
1536 - income under £200 a year, called then "dens of vice" 300 in this category
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Ten Articles
1536 - quite protestant, heading towards Luther reforms (Cromwell behind it)
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Dissolution of larger houses
1538-40 - voluntary surrender, legh and layton suppress them, sent commissioners
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Six Articles
1539 - Fall of Boleyn, fall of reformists Private masses, banned clerical marriages (less protestant)
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The Lincolnshire Uprising
1936 - in fear of dissolution of Parish Churches + some bad harvests = ordinary people
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The Pilgrimage of Grace
Oct-Dec 1936 - Led by lawyer Robert Aske, 30,000 men to York, banner of the five wounds of Christ, Henry was outnumbered - swore a religious oath FAILED as Henry negotiated with Aske, an agreement was reached
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The Cambrian Uprising
1537 - main PoG leaders executed opportunity to seek revenge
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Marriage to Catherine Howard
only 16 days after divorcing Anne of Cleves, she had many enemies executed 1542
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Attacks on Archbishop Cranmer
1543 - accused to be secretly Protestant yet Henry trusted him completely
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Arrest of Catherine Parr
1543 - to bring comfort than excitement, reformist that Henry listened to - believed to be Protestant
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1513 - In France won Henry with 30,000 men the towns of Tournai and Therouanne, built up to be a bigger success than it truly was

Back

Battle of Spurs

Card 3

Front

1513 - earadicated the Scottish threat as James IV was killed replaced by young James V - Henry secured his influence in France

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1514 - made peace with France as loss of funds, Maximilian and Ferdinand lost interest - New Pope Leo X favoured peace - Mary could be married off to Louis XII

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1518 - Wolsey's comeback as he appealed a plan for a crusade against the Turks - Pope Leo approved and it reasserted England as a key power

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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