Judaism GCSE

glossary cards with definitions

HideShow resource information

Amidah

The standing praer, said standing at all services

1 of 48

Aron Hakodesh

The Ark- part of the synagogue containing Torah scrolls

2 of 48

Bar Mitzvah

celebration of a boy soming of age at 13. Literally 'son of commandment'

3 of 48

Bat Chayil

celebration of a girl coming of age at 12, in Orthodox Synagogues. Literally 'daughter of valout'

4 of 48

Bat Mitzvah

Celebration of a girl coming of age at 12, in Reform Synagogues. Literally 'daughter of the commandment'

5 of 48

Bet Din

religious court, made up of rabbis

6 of 48

Betrothal

an engagement, traditionally 12 months before a Jewish Wedding

7 of 48

Bimah

a platrform in a synagogue from which the Torah is read.

8 of 48

Brit Milah

circumcision; the removal of the foreskin for religious reasons.

9 of 48

Chametz(leaven)

leavened foods, prohibited during the festival of Pesach(passover)

10 of 48

Chazzan(cantor)

a person who leads or chants prayers in the synagogue

11 of 48

Chuppah

the canopy traditionally used at Jewish weddings

12 of 48

Gemara

a commentary on the Mishnah which is part of the Talmud

13 of 48

Haggadah

text read during the passover seder recounting the story of the exodus

14 of 48

Halakhah

the code of conduct for Jewish life

15 of 48

Kaddish

an important and central prayer in the Jewish prayer service.

16 of 48

kittel

a white Jewish robe worn on solemn occasions and often used as a burial shroud.

17 of 48

Ketuvium

the third section of the Tenakh- the writings

18 of 48

Kippah

a skull cap

19 of 48

matzah

the unleavened bread eaten at passover

20 of 48

Menorah

the seven branched candlestick

21 of 48

Mezuzah

a scroll, containing the shema

22 of 48

Minyan

a quorum of ten men required for a service

23 of 48

Mishnah

the first written version of the oral tradition; the authorative document was put together in 200CE

24 of 48

mitzvot

jewish rules or commandments

25 of 48

mohel

a man trained to carry out circumcision

26 of 48

Ner Tamid

a light kept burning in the synagogue- continual light.

27 of 48

Nevi'im

the second section of the Tenakh- the prophets

28 of 48

Pesach(passover)

festival in remembrance of the Jewish Exodus from Egypt. Celebrated in spring

29 of 48

Redeemer

one who redeems and saves from the consequences of sin

30 of 48

responsa

The correspondence of Rabbies concerning religious decisions

31 of 48

Rosh Hashanah

the Jewish New Year

32 of 48

Seder

the ceremonial dinner on the first night(or both nights) of pesach

33 of 48

Shabbat

holy day of the week; day of spiritual renewal beginning at sunset on Friday and continuing to nightfall on Saturday

34 of 48

Shema

Jewish prayer affirming belief in the one God, found in the Torah

35 of 48

Shofar

a rams horn which is blown like a trumpet particularly during Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur

36 of 48

Siddur

'order': prayer book for daily, Sabbath and occasional use.

37 of 48

Tallit

a prayer shawl

38 of 48

Talmud

Commentary by the rabbis on the Torah- Mishnah and Gemara together in one collection.

39 of 48

Tashlich

performed on the afternoon of Rosh Hashanah(the Jewish New Year). The previous year's sins are symbolically "cast iff" by throwing pieces of bread, or a similar food item, into flowing water e.g a river

40 of 48

Tefillin

small leather boxes containing extracts from the Torah, strapped to the believer's arms and forehead for morning prayers.

41 of 48

Trefah

forbidden food- mean 'torn'

42 of 48

Western Wall

the only part of the ancient Temple of Herod remaining- Jews come to pray there- a place of pilgrimage

43 of 48

Yad Vashem

a memorial to the holocaust victims in Jerusalem

44 of 48

Yahrzeit candle

candle lit on the annual anniversary of a death

45 of 48

Yamulkah

another name for the kippah, the skull cap worn during prayers and torah study

46 of 48

Yeshiva

a college where the Torah and Talmud are studied

47 of 48

yom kippur

the day of atonement- a day of fasting on the tenth day after Rosh Hashanah

48 of 48

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Judaism resources »