GCSE Islamic studies

Gcse islamic studies

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  • Created by: Madiha
  • Created on: 25-05-11 22:39
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Re-constituted family = where two sets of children (stepbrothers and
sister) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other
The sanctity of life = that all life is holy and sacred, it is a gift from God
and only God has the right to give life or take it away
Abortion = the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive
Resurrection = the belief that, after death, the body stays in the grave
until the end of the world, when it is raised
Immortality of the soul = the idea that the soul lives on after the death
of the body
A near death experience = where you die for a few minutes but then are
brought back to life
Miracle = something that seems to break the laws of science and makes
you think that "only God could have done this"
Conversion = when your life is changed by giving yourself to God
Causation = the idea that everything has been caused (started off) by
something else
Atheism = believing that God does not exist
Prayer = an attempt to contact God, usually through words
Design = when things are connected and seen to have a purpose, for
example, the workings of the eye
Faithfulness = staying with your marriage partner and having sex only
with them
Religious freedom = the right to practice your religion and change your
Purpose = reason for which something is done or exists

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Meaning = intend to convey meaning or express sense of significance
Agnosticism = not being sure whether or not God exists
Moral evil = actions done by humans that cause suffering
Natural evil = things that cause suffering, but have nothing to do with
humans for example earthquakes
Omnipotent = the belief that God is all powerful
Omniscient = the belief that God knows all that has happened and all
that will happen
Benevolent = the belief that God is all good/loving
Racism = the…read more

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Religious Pluralism = many different religions living together in one
Stereotype = to generalise and label a group of people
Mono faith society = a society where there is only one religion
Multi faith society = accepting all faiths as having an equal right to
Extended family = grandparents, uncles aunts etc.…read more

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So that couples can have a life long relationship of love and
So that a couple can have the support and comfort of each other
For the procreation of children
For the bringing up of a Christian family
Features of a Christian Marriage:
Readings from the bible (advice on marriage)
Exchange of rings (symbolises the unending nature of marriage)
Non- religious beliefs on marriage:
To do with compatibility
The extra features are just decoration
Have to be enough love to get married and for…read more

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Sex outside Marriage
Muslim attitude to premarital sex:
Forbidden by the Quran, also says girls and boys should be
separated after puberty
The Shari'ah says that sex should only take place in marriage
The primary purpose of sex in Islam is for the procreation of
children, and children should only be born in to a family where the
mother and the father are married
Muslim attitude to adultery:
Condemned by God in the Qur'an
It breaks the marriage contract
It is likely to harm the…read more

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The bible says that fornication (pre-marital sex and promiscuity) is
All the churches teach that pre-marital sex is wrong
Roman Catholic attitudes to divorce:
Does not allow divorce
Divorce can only happen if one dies
Allow annulments
Protestant / orthodox attitudes to divorce:
Divorce is wrong, but possible
Might be "the lesser of two evils"
Church of England attitudes to divorce:
Disapproves but allows divorce
Might be "the lesser of two evils"
Note: Catholics believe couples should work for difficult times, others
believe…read more

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Step 2:
Extended family get involved
A member on each side of the family will mediate for the couple
Step 3:
If divorce continues, both parents are now free to remarry
Husband gets legal custody (to pay or look after the children)
Divorce in Islam Attitudes (2):
Attitude 1:
They believe it is wrong because in the Hadith Muhammad says it
is the most hated of things
Marriages arranged by family so want to keep the marriage
Attitude 2:
Divorce is allowed because the…read more

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Sometimes asked to show facts of why the previous marriage
Church of England attitudes:
Up to individual priests whether to remarry a couple
How Christians can affair proof their marriage
Family Life
Why family life is important to Muslims:
Children are a gift from god and Muslims will be judged by God on
how well they brought up their children
Muslims are expected to follow the Prophet Muhammad who
married and raised a family
Family was created by God and…read more

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Cohabiting parents are having children as don't have to get
There are more reconstituted families as people divorce and
For Christian Churches keeping families together:
Stops children from being brought up by only one parent
Protect people from feeling hurt
Helps preserve nuclear families
Against Christian churches keeping families together:
Create "evil" in the household as families will fill with hatred
Church should not get involved, it should be sorted out in between
the adults of the family
The main features of a…read more

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Christian Attitude to Cohabitation:
Very wrong as sex was given to humans by God for the
procreation of children
Bible says fornication is sinful
All churches say it is sinful
Children should be in a Christian marriage
Islamic Attitude to Cohabitation:
Forbidden by the Quran, says girls and should be separated at
Shariah says sex should only take place in marriage
Reason of sex is procreation of children, which should only be
raised in a family
Points for Cohabitation:
No big decision, no…read more


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