Summary of topics unit 2 and 3

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Topic 1- religion and animals

generally teach that animals should be protected, managed and cared for with respect

Hinduism

  • cow = sacred

Buddhism

  • karma means may be reincarnated as an animal
  • dominion- although dominate all living creatures, should treat animals fairly

Judaism

  • "all is made by god and all is good"
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Topic 2- religion and planet earth

General

  • all believe that God created the Earth (apart from buddhism)
  • humans crown of gods creation- dominion/ granted stewardship
  • big bang theory

Christianity

  • the creation story- 6 days + one of rest
  • god made the world and made humans stewards
    • special role in looking after earth & animals
  • respect for life and all of creation

Judaism

  • "all is made by God and all is good"
  • humans granted stewardship
  • Jews have a duty to look after the world and treat it with respect
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Topic 5- religion, war and peace

Examples

  • UN
  • NATO

Hinduism

  • have special warrior caste - recognise that conflict is and age old part of humanity
  • justice can be achienved through non-violence as all life is sacred

Christianity

  • Jesus taught messages of peace + love
  • "put away your sword, those who live by the sword die by the sword"
  • "love thy enemies and pray for them"
  • "blessed are the peacemakers"
  • agree in certain circumstances eg. just wars

Pafacism

  • Quakers
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Topic 4 - religion and early life

General

  • sanctity of life
    • sacred bc God given
  • quality of life
  • blessing
    • idea that God has favoured a couple with a child
  • miracle of life
    • idea that life is wonderful, amazing and special
  • question of when life begins
  • Pro-life pressure groups
  • Pro-choice pressure groups
  • abortion
    • permitted is 2 doctors consent
    • alternatives - adoption, fostering, keeping it

Christian

  • abortion breaks commandment "you shall not murder"
  • against Piache, an early text
  • acceptable to some under certain circumstances ( risk to mothers life, disabilty etc.)
  • others eg. catholics = never
  • Anglicans = compassion needed for judging situations

Judaism

  • soul becomes present at birth
  • commanded to have many children
  • sancticty of life for baby and mother important
  • consultation with Rabbi necessary
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Topic 1- medical ethics

Christianity

  • "love god"
  • "love thy neighbour"
  • "go forth and multiply"
  • all life sacred and God given- should be preserved & respected
  • Jenovah's witnesses- wont even accept blood transfusions
  • organ donation and blood transfusions- acts of kindness
  • cloning is playing God
  • generally against empryo use
  • infertility is a call from God
  • Roman Catholics believe children should be concieved within marriage

Judaism

  • genetic engineering ok to rid of disese
  • against designer babies- altering Gods creation
  • embryo research- wrong
  • obligated to preserve human life (infinite worth) -transplants & transfusions acceptable
  • forbidden to mutilate bodies- no organ donation
  • accept fertility treatment as long as no donor material used (adultery)
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Topic 2- the elderly and death

General

  • euthanasia not legal in UK (but Switzerland)

Christianity

  • "honor your mother and father"
  • all life is sacred bc created by God
    • should be protected & respected as much as possible from conception until natural death
  • hospices are seen as the passionate way to care for the dying
  • most do not agree with euthanasia
  • "you shall not kill"
  • god gives and takes away life

Judaism

  • "honor your mother and father"
  • death should be a calm experinece
    • permit passive euthanasia
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Topic 5- rich and poor UK

General

Christianity

  • cause of gambling is greed (love of money is the root of all evil)
  • denies work ethic, hard work = honest and deserved reward
  • parable of the good samaritan
  • salvation army
  • duty to help those in need (but not judge)
  • use of wealth an issue (money should come from lawful means)
  • "you cannot serve both God and money"

Judaism

  • money should be earned honestly- spiritual consequences (motive = greed)
  • wealth is a gift from God
    • should be used for the help of others
  • money not desired but necessary
  • money should be given to the poor (not as charity but what is rightfully theirs)
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Topic 6- world poverty

General

  • justice- people have the right to be treated fairly by sharing of wealth
  • stewardship- responsibility to look after the world and everything in it
  • compassion- want to help those suffering and in need
  • millenium development goals
  • sustainable development goals
  • fairtrade

Christian 

  • "love thy neighbour"
  • "treat others as you wish to be treated"
  • CAFOD
  • idea that those who help are rewarded in heaven

Judaism

  • suggests that anyone who can afford it should give to the poor
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Exam

20 mins per section                                                                                   4 topics per paper

  •  2 marks
    • two valid statement
  • 3 marks
    • opinion
    • "religous teaching" + therefore
    • 2 developed reasons (or 3 simple)
  • 4/5 marks
    • 2 x "religous teaching" + therefore
    • refer to religions + analyse
  • 6 marks
    • 2 x for (w/ religious teaching /opinion)
    • 2 x against (w/ : )
    • Opinion
    • SPAG marks- structure and coherance important
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