Case Study - Settlement - Mexico --> USA

Migration Case study - Mexico -> USA

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The Situation

  • There is a 2000km border between USA and Mexico
  • 1 million+ Mexicans migrate to the USA every year.
  • Illegal migration is a huge problem for USA and Mexico
  • US Border Patrol guard the border + try to prevent illegal immegrants
  • 850,000 were caught in 1995 and were deported
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PUSH Factors

  • Poor medical facilities - 1800 patients per doctor.
  • Low paid jobs - (GNP = $3750)
  • Adult literacy rates 55% - poor education prospects
  • Life expectancy - 72 yrs
  • 40% unemployed
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PULL Factors

  • Excellent medical facilities - 400 per doctor
  • Well paid jobs - (GNP = $24,750)
  • Adult lteracy rates 99% - good education prospects
  • Life expectancy - 76 yrs
  • Many jobs available for low paid workers such as Mexicans
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Impacts on the USA

  • Illegal migration costs the USA millions of dollars for border patrols + prisons
  • Mexicans are seen as a drain on the USA economy
  • Migrant workers keep wages low which affects Americans
  • They cause problems in cities due to cultural and racial issues
  • Mexican migrants benefit the US economy by working for low wages
  • Mexican culture has enriched the US border states with food, language and music
  • The frequency of TB has increased greatly due to the increased migration
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Impacts on Mexico

  • The Mexican countryside has a shortage of economically active people
  • Many men emigrate leaving a majority of women who have trouble finding marriage partners
  • Young people tend to migrate leaving the old and the very young
  • Legal + illegal immigrants together send $6bn each year back to Mexico
  • Certain villages such as Santa Ines have lost 2/3 of their inhabitants.
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