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Geography Snapshot notes (P&PL)
Population and Planet
Population Dynamics

The Demographic Transition Model
Shows the past, current and future population change

High stationary = Pre- Industrial society (Ethiopia, Bangladesh)
Early expanding = Early industrialisation (Peru, Sri Lanka)
Late Expanding = Later industrialisation (China, Australia)
Low Stationary = Developed country (Canada,…

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Reasons for variation in Birth and Death rates:
Age structure: - Youthful population = increasing population (in future) -Greying Population = lots of death
(in future: decreasing population)
Diet, housing and living conditions: -More food, good housing and living conditions = stable birth rate and
healthy children, low death rate-Poor…

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Push and Pull factors
Push Factors
o War
o High unemployment
o Climate
o Famine
o High living cost
Pull Factors
o Low living standards
o Better climate
o Low unemployment/ job opportunities
o Better economy

UK Immigration Policies (CASE STUDY)
Open doors ­ after World War 1 EU…

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However as LEDCs develop economically they use more energy as they start using more machinery and
technology (e.g. cars and machinery in factories) ­ this consumes resources and will lead to a bigger shortage
of them

Theories about consuming resources
Philosopher Theory Evidence
Boserup As population increases and Genetically Modified…

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Peak Oil
This is the point at which oil production reaches its maximum and then declines rapidly (forcing prices to rise)
A decline in production has already occurred in 18 countries

Living Spaces

Key Terms
Greenfield Site Area of land not built on before
Brownfield site Area of land that…

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Transport links - commuters near train stations
Cultural background ­ immigrants might want to live near people of the same background
Knowledge/perception ­ knowledge of a place might affect your decision to move there

Views of living spaces changing over time:
Pre ­ Child stage (young urban professionals (YUPpies), single…

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o Easy access to water
o Earn more money ­ send back to families
Negative aspects
o House prices are very high
o If you can't find work then you go to the shanty town

SUSSEX ­ Londoners moving to rural area (MEDC example)
Push Factors from urban areas

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o As a result of this quick development there is around 600,000 slums

How can living spaces be more sustainable?


There is a demand for more houses because there is a higher population
56% of planned housing planned on greenfield sites and 44% on brownfield sites…

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Aims to heighten efficiency of energy use
Uses the `energy butler' ­ used to show inhabitants how much energy they use and make their energy use
more efficient

Making a Living

Key Terms
Clark Fisher Model Shows the employment and industry change over time,
based on the past experiences of…

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o Tertiary and Quaternary: 80% Contribution to GDP: 75% (Big global communications, office
jobs, 1,000,000 calls a minute in London and fibre optic broadband all over England)
UK is much more developed ­ most of their manufacturing is done abroad, so people have higher paid jobs,
meaning they have a…


Mr A Gibson


Sustainability is threaded throughout these comprehensive notes which look at People and the Planet but integrate the key ideas of sustainable living. Well worth getting a hard copy of these into your notes.



Merci beaucoup! Very useful. 



this is an excellent resource! very carefully made and obviously made with a lot of thought and time-- highly recommend!!

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