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Exam date : 17th

y Unit 2
Revision notes for Geography Unit 2:
People and the planet. Contains 6
individual topics: Population dynamics, By Molly
Consuming Resources, Living Spaces,
Making a living, Changing cities and
World of Work


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Geography Unit 2: People and the Planet

1. Population Dynamics

Global population
The world population is growing at an alarming rate, in 2008 at least another 65 million people were
added to the global total of 6.6 billion. Luckily since 2000 the rate of growth has begun to slow down.…

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Stage 1: High Fluctuating ­ A period of high birth and death rates, both of which fluctuate. Natural
change hovers between increase and decrease.
Reasons for a high Birth Rate include:
Little or no birth control
High infant mortality rate, which encourages couples to have more children
Children are seen…

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1. The broader the base, the higher it is means the pyramid is controlled by birth rates and is a
youthful population.
2. The lower it is and the taller the pyramid is controlled by the death rate.
3. The balance between the two rates ­ whether birth exceeds rates…

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Case Study 1

Anti-Natalist ­ China's one child policy

Anti Natalist ­ Concerned with limiting population growth.

In the 1970's China introduced to couples that they were only allowed one child. Unauthorised
pregnancies were pressured to have abortions. People who would have one child only were given
benefits which included:…

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Skills shortages in Uk

What were the effects of this?
Uk workers felt immigrants were stealing Uk jobs
Immigrants took the job no other Uk person wanted

Try to promote multi-cultural societies
Discrimination has been made illegal

Case Study 3

Rural to urban migration Mexico to the USA


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Classifying resources: They can be divided into three main types:
Natural Resources ­ Those things found in the natural world that are of use to us, and that
we have the technology and willingness to use.
Human Resources ­ The skills of a population in society
Material or Capital Resources…

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Solar technology uses the sun's Environmentally friendly, with Relatively expensive
energy and light to provide minimum carbon emissions after Huge areas of panels are
heat, light, hot water, initial panel production required to produce significant
electricity and even cooling for Thin panels to be developed more amount of energy.

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wrong, because food production increased rapidly, he did not realise technology would improve.

Boserupian Theory
She had a very different view from Malthus. She suggested population growth has a positive impact on
people that will enable them to cope, because resources start to run out we are forced to `invent'…

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Uses 25% of the world's oil but has less than 5% of the world population.
29 bottles are used each year, requiring more than 17m barrels of oil.

On average every household uses 373 plastic bottles each year, of which just 29 are recycled.
An estimated 24,000 tonnes…


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