Geography Unit 2 Revision Notes- One to Send

Edexcel Geography Unit 2 revision notes

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  • Created on: 16-06-11 12:22
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Exam date : 17th
y Unit 2
Revision notes for Geography Unit 2:
People and the planet. Contains 6
individual topics: Population dynamics, By Molly
Consuming Resources, Living Spaces,
Making a living, Changing cities and
World of Work

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Geography Unit 2: People and the Planet
1. Population Dynamics
Global population
The world population is growing at an alarming rate, in 2008 at least another 65 million people were
added to the global total of 6.6 billion. Luckily since 2000 the rate of growth has begun to slow down.
Exponential growth has been occurring (The time taken for the population to double eg. In 1804 it had
taken the population 300 years to double from half a billion to 1 billion.…read more

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Stage 1: High Fluctuating ­ A period of high birth and death rates, both of which fluctuate. Natural
change hovers between increase and decrease.…read more

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The broader the base, the higher it is means the pyramid is controlled by birth rates and is a
youthful population.
2. The lower it is and the taller the pyramid is controlled by the death rate.
3. The balance between the two rates ­ whether birth exceeds rates or vice versa.
Youthful Population
Pressure on Housing ­ People live in slums eg.…read more

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Case Study 1
Anti-Natalist ­ China's one child policy
Anti Natalist ­ Concerned with limiting population growth.
In the 1970's China introduced to couples that they were only allowed one child. Unauthorised
pregnancies were pressured to have abortions. People who would have one child only were given
benefits which included:
Cash bonuses
Better childcare
Improved housing
Why did China introduce this?
High growth rate of population
Pressure on land and food supplies due to large population.…read more

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Skills shortages in Uk
What were the effects of this?
Uk workers felt immigrants were stealing Uk jobs
Immigrants took the job no other Uk person wanted
Try to promote multi-cultural societies
Discrimination has been made illegal
Case Study 3
Rural to urban migration Mexico to the USA
What caused this?
Poverty in Mexico
No work in Mexico
Poor quality of life in Mexico
More job opportunities in USA
"American dream"
Problems caused by migration into the USA?
Taking American jobs
Mexicans sending money…read more

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Classifying resources: They can be divided into three main types:
Natural Resources ­ Those things found in the natural world that are of use to us, and that
we have the technology and willingness to use.
Human Resources ­ The skills of a population in society
Material or Capital Resources ­ The goods and equipment already in place in society
Defining Resources in terms of their availability
Non Renewable resources ­Eg.…read more

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Solar technology uses the sun's Environmentally friendly, with Relatively expensive
energy and light to provide minimum carbon emissions after Huge areas of panels are
heat, light, hot water, initial panel production required to produce significant
electricity and even cooling for Thin panels to be developed more amount of energy.
homes, industry and business's. efficient than present technology.
Haves and have not's
Countries with large quantities of natural resources are more developed and more successful than
those without resources, but it is much more complicated.…read more

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Boserupian Theory
She had a very different view from Malthus. She suggested population growth has a positive impact on
people that will enable them to cope, because resources start to run out we are forced to `invent' or
innovate our way out of the problem.…read more

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Uses 25% of the world's oil but has less than 5% of the world population.
29 bottles are used each year, requiring more than 17m barrels of oil.
On average every household uses 373 plastic bottles each year, of which just 29 are recycled.
An estimated 24,000 tonnes of plastic bottles were collected in 2003 for recycling; this still only
amounts to approx. 5.5% of all plastic bottles sold.
Case Study 2
Interface inc.
Interface inc.…read more


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