GCSE Geography- Human Geography- Population

This powerpoint includes all they key terms, concepts and facts needed for the population topic, as well as all relevant case studies including:

Population control- China, Mauritius and Kerala

Migration- Mexico to Usa, Transmigration in Indonesia

Refugees- Rwanda

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Population…read more

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Part One- Population
Key Terms:
Population distribution- describes how people are spread out
within a given area
Population density- describes the number of people in a given
Birth rate- the number of births per thousand people per year
Death rate- the number of deaths per thousand people per
Population explosion- the rapid growth in worl population
since 1800…read more

Slide 3

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Population Distribution
The population of the world is spread out very unevenly
Most people are living on a third of the Earth's surface
Areas of high population:
Western Europe
Areas of low population:
North Africa
Dot maps are used to show population distribution…read more

Slide 4

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Population Density
Population density (people per km2) = population
area (km2)
Densely populated- means over 50 people per km2
Sparsely populated- means under 10 people per km2
Choropleths are used to show population density
A choropleth of the world…read more

Slide 5

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Factors affecting population distribution
These factors explain population distribution and density:
Factor Positive Negative
1. Relief Flat land Mountainous terrain
2. Climate Moderate, warm, enough Extreme: very hot/ very cold/
rain very dry
3. Vegetation Open grassland Dense Forest
4. Soils Deep fertile soil Thin infertile soil
5. Resources Coal, minerals, timber Few natural resource
6. Access Coastal areas Inland areas
7. Economy Plenty of jobs and Lack of industry and jobs
industry…read more

Slide 6

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World Population Growth
World population growth is caused by
birth rates being higher than death
The global population is expected to
stabilise at 10.4 billion in 2200
95% of world population growth is in
LEDCs…read more

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