Why did Weimar collapse in 1933 not 1923??

These are just a brief outline of a structure you could do for this, it just makes it a bit easier when planning i guess!

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 07-06-13 19:24
Preview of Why did Weimar collapse in 1933 not 1923??

First 335 words of the document:

Why did Weimar collapse in 1933 not in 1923?
Inherently flawed
~>Germany `stabbed in the back' cast a shadow over Weimar
1) Revolution from above
a. Weimar signs treaty and end up losing war
b. Kaiser outmanoeuvred {side-lined}
c. -> Prince Max ­ still of regional background ­ liberal
2) Mutinies
a. Last attempts for sailors go against British ­ suicidal
b. Kiel and Wilhelmshaven strike
c. Soviet Councils formed
d. Bolshevik Revolution March 1917 ­ people terrified happen in Germany
Greatest Threat?
i) Limited nature of the revolution ­ kept elites in charge ~ army leaders ~
lawyers ~ right wing conservatives.
ii) Nature of Weimar constitution ­ autocratic democracy still remained (like
second Reich)
a. Article 48 used by Ebert to assert control
b. Back to one man leadership
iii) Right extremism ­ more so than left [left still violent but Government more
able to crush left]
a. E.g. Spartacists easily crushed by army
b. Kapp Putsch ­ right successful getting to power
iv) Economic ~ hyperinflation undermines democracy
HOWEVER -> attitudes of German elites and people remain strong for democracy
--- people still turn up to vote forcing democracy to carry on. Seen as the short
fall until something better comes along - better than communism.
FOR EXAMPLE ­> failed freedom law referendum (as late as 1929) to tear
Versailles winning 14% - still not great support for radical right
Over the `golden years' and after 1930 it turns GRADUALLY into dictatorship
where by the end Weimar isn't even consulted. Rise of Nazism was product of the
time. Authoritarian starting to creep through
Remained largely however a liberal democracy up until economic depression
Economy ~ Wall Street Crash
~ Bruning's cuts to economy ­ more unemployment
~ Most countries suffer ­ but not everyone turn fascist
Political ~ Failure of socialists ­ everyone constantly arguing, not engaging in overall
running of Germany

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Rise of far right…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »