Support, Opposition and Resistance in the Third Reich 1933-1945

Detailed revision notes for Nazi Germany 1933-1945 for A2 WJEC. These have been checked by my Head of History lecturer and she said they didn't need changing. H! stands for However.

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Support, Opposition & Resistance within the Third Reich 1933-1945
Rise of the Nazi 1928-1932 May 1928 September 1930 July 1932

Vote 810,127 6,379,672 13,765,781
% of total 2.6% 18.3% 37.3%
Members 100,000 300,000 800,000
Seats 12 107 230

Rise of Nazis: Depression years ­ Weimar political system was under significant…

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Social Classes 1930-1933

Some Working classes remained loyal to left wing parties ­ SDP & KPA (Marxist) ­ a significant number began to
support NSDAP! This was due to; effectiveness of Nazi propaganda, which was grounded in practical suggestions for
current problems; the party's welfare for the support for the…

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theme used in pre-election propaganda. There was also a sense of nationalism & mass movement in amongst the
promises of `work and bread'. These more generalised themes were continued in power.

They centred their propaganda on 2 main ideas which allowed them to distinguish themselves from other parties and

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Art & Music ­ Censored through the Reich Chamber of Culture. All art and music which did not conform to
the spiritual values of the Reich was considered to be Degenerate ­ content/ composers & artists. Art &
Music by Jews or Jazz = banned. Prohibited works were publicised in…

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Main functions:
To gather intelligence regarding ant potential threats to the regime
& deal with the vast number of denunciations which were received ever day ­ these were filled and recorded.

3. Security Service of the Reichsfuhrer-SS = SD: was established to keep the opponents of the NSDAP under surveillance…

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Opposition & Resistance in the 3rd Reich
Communist & Socialist opposition to Left wing political opposition 1933-45 Émigré opposition & `hibernation'
the Nazis in the Reichstag and the
implications of the Reichstag fire
Hitler = Chancellor Jan 1933. There was 2nd to the Jews in the Nazi Hit-list. 1939, Some…

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a slender majority of 12 seats, effectively
neutralised SPD + KPD opposition in the
Reichstag. H planned to introduce an
Enabling law altering the constitution so
the government could pass legislation
without the consent of the Reichstag but
needed 2/3 majority. KPD deputies had
been rounded up and arrested with…

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1933: 2/3rd of German population = Before 1933: Had religious freedom
Protestant = dominant religion. Majority and a political voice. They were not
of the clergy and the laity were not opposed to Hitler but feared a return to
anti-Nazi, in fact Protestants were a the persecution of the Bismarckian…

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Conservative Opposition 1933-1945
Hitler achieved office through collusion with Germany's conservative elite. Initially there was a DNVP-NSDAP coalition
government was formed. Some leaders e.g. Minister Hugenburg (DNVP leader) thought they could tame Hitler and harness his
popularity to establish conservative dictatorship, but others had doubts from the beginning.

Vice Chancellor…

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state's hegemony. Hitler's problems mounted with the failures of the Russian front and North Africa, as well as the
growing threat of the Allied bombing campaign. Germans began to openly criticise Hitler at home.

H! There was still faith in the Fuhrer ­ and it was still strong!

Many of…


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