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Utilitarianism
Act Utilitarianism (Jeremy Bentham)
Bentham came from a family of lawyers working in the city of London, but became
disgusted with the law as then practiced since he felt that it was more about making
money than helping those in need.
He was a practical man concerned with the…

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Although Mill believed that the wellbeing of the individual was of a primary concern,
happiness is best achieved when it is subject to the rules that protect the common
good.
Strong Utilitarianism believes that these rules should never be disobeyed.
Weak Utilitarianism says that although there should be generally accepted…

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The pursuit of happiness is the fundamental purpose of human life. Bentham consisted in
promoting whatever factors led to the increase of pleasure and in suppressing those which
produced pain (Costigan, 1967, p. 8). In chapter 4 of his Introduction to the Principles of
Morals and Legislation (1789), Bentham sketched…

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Utilitarianism dictates our current society. Its principles are useful in reality; we do live
according the needs and wants of our society. You only have to look at our
democratic voting and ruling system to see this.
The theory is subjective and relative and so remains flexible and applicable to…

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