Full Ethics Course Revision Book

This is a revision guide made up of notes found online and created myself. I have edited it all into a revision guide, it contains all topics from AS Ethics for OCR. Enjoy!

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Ethics
Revisio
n Guide
1
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Contents Page...
Mor
al
Absol
uti
sm
and
Rel
ati
vi
sm......................
1
Nat
ural
Mor
al
Law................................................8
Kant
ian
Et
hics
.......................................................
.
17
Ut
il
i
tar
iani
sm................................................
..........…read more

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Chr
ist
ian
Et
hics
.......................................................
3
4
Si
tuat
ion
Et
hics
.......................................................
4
0
Abor
ti
on
and
the
R i
ght
t
o a
Chi
ld.........................
44
Eut
hanasi
a and
the
Right
t
o
Li
fe............................
55
Genet
ic
Engi
neer
ing
and
Embr
yo
Resear
ch.........…read more

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War
and
Peace.........................................................
.…read more

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Absolutism and Relativism
Absolutism:
Absolutism
is
making normative ethical decisions based on objective rules.
I
t
mai
ntai
ns
that
some
t
hings
are
always
ri
ght
and
some
thi
ngs
are
always
w r
ong.
They
are
fi
xed
for
al
l
ti
me,
pl
aces
and
peopl
e.
A
common
exampl
e of
Absol
uti
sm
i
s Kantian Ethics.
Advantages of Absolutism
I
t
all
ows
mor
al
rul
es
to
be
eval
uat
ed
cri
ti
cal
ly.…read more

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However
,
as
ther
e ar
e no
over
ri
ding
standar
d t
o compar
e c
u l
tur
es
to,
no
one
can
say
that
one
cul
tur
e i
s bet
ter
t
han
anot
her
because
of
what
t
hey
bel
ieve
thi
s coul
d be
eit
her
an
advant
age
or
a
dis
a dvant
age.…read more

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Absol
uti
sts
can
appear
t
o be
int
oler
ant
t
o vi
ews
of
other
s,
for
exampl
e,
if
t
hey
are
agai
nst
cr
uel
ty
of
ani
mal
s,
they
w oul
d be
agai
nst
t
he
Isl
ami
c pr
act
ice
of
sacr
if
ic
ing
lambs,
but
Rel
ati
vi
sts
woul
d be
abl
e
t
o see
the
rel
igi
ous
signi
fi
cance
and
the
impor
tance
of
that
pr
act
i
ce…read more

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The
pri
ma r
y pr
ecepts
are
also
absol
uti
st
Aquinas
bel
ieved
w e
w er
e al
l
ma de
by God
wi
th a
shared
huma n
purpose.
Moral relativism
Situation Ethics
Thi
s must
not
be
conf
used wi
th
cul
tur
al
rel
ati
vi
sm.…read more

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Vir
tue
e t
hics
i
s
teleological,
f
ocussi
ng
on t
he
ends or
pur
poses
of
our
act
ions.
These
ends
or
purposes
vary
fr
o m on e
society
to
anot
her
thr
oughout
t
ime.…read more

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Advant
ages
to
Absol
ute
Mor
ali
t
y:
1.Fi
xed
ethi
cal
code
to
me asur
e act
ions
2.Uni
vers
a l
a nd
equal
vi
ew of
et
hics
­ Human
R i
ght
s i
s
absol
uti
st
Di
sadvant
ages:
1.Doesn'
t
take ci
rcumstances
int
o account
2.i
ntol
erant
of
cul
tural
di
versi
ty
3.…read more

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