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Ethics
Revisio
n Guide

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Contents Page...
Mor
al
Absol
uti
sm
and

Rel
ati
vi
sm......................
1

Nat
ural
Mor
al

Law................................................8

Kant
ian

Et
hics
.......................................................
.

17

Ut
il
i
tar
iani
sm................................................

..........
24




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Chr
ist
ian

Et
hics
.......................................................
3

4

Si
tuat
ion

Et
hics
.......................................................
4

0

Abor
ti
on
and
the
R i
ght
t
o a

Chi
ld.........................
44

Eut
hanasi
a and
the
Right
t
o

Li
fe............................
55

Genet
ic
Engi
neer
ing
and
Embr
yo

Resear…

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War
and

Peace.........................................................

.
69




Absolutism
and
Relativism





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Absolutism and Relativism

Absolutism:
Absolutism
is
making normative ethical decisions based on objective rules.
I
t
mai
ntai
ns
that
some
t
hings
are
always
ri
ght
and
some
thi
ngs
are
always
w r
ong.
They
are
fi
xed
for
al
l
ti
me,
pl
aces
and
peopl
e.…

Page 6

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However
,
as
ther
e ar
e no
over
ri
ding
standar
d t
o compar
e c
u l
tur
es
to,
no
one
can
say
that
one
cul
tur
e i
s bet
ter
t
han
anot
her
because
of
what
t
hey
bel
ieve

thi
s coul…

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chi
ldr
en,
what
she
did
was
ri
ght
and
shoul
d t
her
efor
e not
be
condemned.

Absol
uti
sts
can
appear
t
o be
int
oler
ant
t
o vi
ews
of
other
s,
for
exampl
e,
if
t
hey
are
agai
nst
cr
uel
ty
of…

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an
ordered
soci
ety,
r
eproduci
ng et
c.

are
tel
eol
ogical
:
they
are
the
ends t
o which
all
our
act
ions
shoul
d ai
m. The
pri
ma r
y pr
ecepts
are
also
absol
uti
st

Aquinas
bel
ieved
w e
w er
e al…

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var
ying
thr
oughout
hi
stor
y.
Vir
tue
e t
hics
i
s
teleological,
f
ocussi
ng
on t
he
ends or
pur
poses
of
our

act
ions.
These
ends
or
purposes
vary
fr
o m on e
society
to
anot
her
thr
oughout
t
ime.






Absolute and Relative…

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Advant
ages
to
Absol
ute
Mor
ali
t
y:

1.Fi
xed
ethi
cal
code
to
me asur
e act
ions
2.Uni
vers
a l

a nd
equal
vi
ew of
et
hics
­ Human
R i
ght
s i
s
absol
uti
st


Di
sadvant
ages:


1.Doesn'
t
take ci…

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