Situation Ethics: OCR AS Religious Studies

So this is basically a booklet for OCR AS Ethics (religious studies). Situation ethics is a branch of Christian Ethics started by Fletcher and even though it isn't a separate part of ethics that you need to know, it is a helpful section toward attaining a higher grade in the ethics exam. It is mostly mine and my teacher's work, however some may have come from textbooks such as Ethical theory by Mel Thompson, Ethical studies by Robert Bowie and OCR philosophy and ethics by Taylor, Eyre and Knight. So yeah, have fun reading it :)

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Situation Ethics
Situation Ethics is a teleological and casuistry theory. Casuistry means the application of
general principles to specific examples. In this case, it is applying love, the principle, to any
example, such as euthanasia. It was advocated by Joseph Fletcher, who was a philosopher
and ethicist who wrote the…

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of absolute rules. Fletcher wants to look at each situation and ask who needs to be
helped.

Fletcher further stipulated six `Fundamental Principles';

1) Love is the only intrinsic value. Only love is intrinsically good, nothing else.
2) The norm for Christian moral decision-making is to put love first. The…

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follow no forecastable approach from one situation to another. They are exactly
anarchic-i.e. without a rule'.
3) Situationism: Fletcher saw his own approach as a balance between the two. It is not
to be followed strictly by rules (so it is not the legalistic approach); however it is
complying with…

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It gives a person freedom to differ from the decisions of others without feeling that
they have thereby done anything wrong, or that they need to give a full justification
for that decision; therefore it is flexible.
It enables an emotional and rational response to determine what is right in…

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the moral framework in each situation, which would be impossible. So, proportionalism was
considered. Whilst situation ethics was seen as a middle road between legalism and
antinomianism, proportionalism is seen as the midway between situation (teleological)
ethics and natural (deontological) law. Proportionalism holds that there are certain moral
rules that…

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