AS level OCR ethical theories revision


HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Lottie
  • Created on: 11-03-12 11:41
Preview of AS level OCR ethical theories revision

First 219 words of the document:

`The greatest happiness for the greatest number'
Devised by Bentham
Hedonistic Utilitarianism : pleausrue= good , pain = evil
Hedonic calculus: duration , intensity, remoteness, certainty, richness, purity, extent
Amount of pleasure/ pain an act will bring about
`Principle of Utility'- right or wrongness is devised by its usefulness
Bentham's version
Devised by Mill
Distinguished between higher/lower pleasures
High- mind
Low- body
Took human nature into account
Must benefit society in general
Reasonable to link morality with the pursuit of happiness & aversion to pain
Democratic morality
Common sense easy to grasp
Designed to be practically applied to situations
Relies on accurate predictions of future which humans don't have
More complex than suggests
Can an act be delared good by the tests of hedonic calculus
Morality should be focused on God not humans
Natural Law
Devised by Aquinas
Everything has a purpose & potential to join God
God gave humans reason so they could see their final cause & choose to follow it or not
Primary precepts
Worship God
Preserve life
Education children

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Live in an ordered society
Secondary precepts
Act in accordance with primary ones
Acts are intrinsically good / bad
Apparent goods tempt people away from the natural law
Both intention & act must be good
Lets communities with clear, common rules structure & organise moral life
Gives clear, unambiguous answers to moral questions
Many cultures have recognised the importance of primary precepts independently of
Idea that there is a single/ fixed human nature is simplify & contradicts increasing diversity &
changeable nature…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

As moral situations differ , how are the parameters to be set to determine what is to be
Many times when duties conflict…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Ethics resources:

See all Ethics resources »See all resources »