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Utilitarianism

Relativist
`The greatest happiness for the greatest number'
Devised by Bentham
Hedonistic Utilitarianism : pleausrue= good , pain = evil
Hedonic calculus: duration , intensity, remoteness, certainty, richness, purity, extent

Act

Amount of pleasure/ pain an act will bring about
`Principle of Utility'- right or wrongness is devised by…

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Live in an ordered society

Secondary precepts

Act in accordance with primary ones
Acts are intrinsically good / bad
Apparent goods tempt people away from the natural law
Both intention & act must be good

Strengths

Lets communities with clear, common rules structure & organise moral life
Gives clear, unambiguous…

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As moral situations differ , how are the parameters to be set to determine what is to be
universalised?
Many times when duties conflict

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