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Key Words
Urbanisation: where an increasing proportion of the
population live in towns and cities and less live in rural
Central Business District (CBD): most accessible part of the
city. Land here is expensive, high demand and high
density. Often contains the main train station, leisure
facilities and chain shops selling high order goods.
Inner City: Residential area with flats, terraced housing,
hospitals and little green space.
Outer City/Suburbs: on the edge of the city, semi detached
(interwar) housing or large detached housing.
Rural Urban Fringe: Between the countryside and the
outskirts of the city.…read more

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Issues for people living in urban
areas in richer parts of the world
Housing: As the population is increasing and more people are
living alone, house is in more demand and house prices are
increasing. To deal with this the UK government plans to
build 240,000 new houses by 2016 with 60% on brown
field sites.
The Inner City: In London the Urban Development
Cooperation strategy developed the London Docklands area
using public and private sector funding. 144km of new
roads, the Docklands Light Railway, 2.3km of
commercial/industrial floor space and 24,046 houses were
built. 2,700 businesses began trading and 726ha of derelict
land was reclaimed. Social facilities were built, e.g.
Schools/colleges, to encourage people to live and work.…read more

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Issues for people living in urban
areas in richer parts of the world
Traffic: Because of increasing population and more money there
are more cars causing congestion, noise and air pollution which
can cause health issues. In London strategies have been used
to reduce the use of cars, such as park and ride schemes,
congestion charges, improving public transport, encouraging
cycling by cycling reward schemes.
Segregation: People of a similar ethnic origin cluster together. In
Leeds this has been reduced by improving education, increasing
community involvement, facilities that encourage meetings of
all sections of society and increasing employment.
The CBD: Changes have been made to make the CBD image
positive not crowded areas with poor air and environmental
concern.…read more

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Squatter Settlements
Typical characteristics:
Houses made of any material available
Cramped conditions
No infrastructure
Poor living conditions because rubbish isn't collected
No education and religion causes high birth rates and large
Crime…read more

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Squatter Settlements: Kibera,
Nairobi in Kenya
Solutions to improve settlement:
1. `Practical Action' charity developed low cost roofing tiles ­
cheap alternative to help self help schemes.
2. UN Habitat Programmes provide electricity 300 Kenyan
shillings per shack.
3. Council and world bank have provided 2 water pipes.
4. Charities and students provide medical facilities.
5. Kenyan Government and UN Habitat created large scale
15 year project in 2003 which has rehoused 770 families.…read more

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